Inattention and Distractability
An ADHD child cannot stay focused on any task that requires continuous attention, especially schoolwork. He may daydream or become distracted by any sight or sound in his vicinity. Completing an assignment can require much effort, but he is likely to misplace the final product between home and school. He cannot remember a sequence of directions: “Take out the trash, feed the bird, and pick up your clothes before you take your bath” might result in one or at most two of the commands being completed. The others will be forgotten or jumbled.
Perpetual motion has traditionally been the most striking trademark of ADHD, but in fact it is prominent in only about 30 percent of children who have the disorder. Experts now divide children with ADHD into subtypes based on their most overt characteristic: lack of attention, hyperactivity, or a blend of the two. While difficulty with attention may not be apparent until the child enters school, hyperactivity makes an impact on everyone in his world from the time he is young.
Some parents are aware that “something is different,” from the first days of life with their demanding baby who later turns into a turbocharged toddler. Most parents of small children wish they could acquire some of the energy of their offspring, but the hyperactive child is in a different league, living every day at top speed. Many children with ADHD also have volatile modal. Whether they are joyful or angry, everyone in earshot will hear about it. Just as rapidly, these feelings seem to pass as the child forgets the episode and moves on to some-else.
The child with ADHD has a little timer. He cannot wait his turn, stand in line, follow directions, or keep his hands off whatever he supposed to touch. He talks before he thinks, acts before he analyzes, and leaps before he looks. As a result, he suffers more than a few battle wounds and fractures.
ADHD has been given many names over the US including Minimal Brain Dysfunction and Hyperkinetic Reaction of Childhood. The following causes have been related to ADHD: brain damage, birth trauma, poor parenting, lack of discipline, food additives, sugar and pure wilfulness. The best understanding at present is that the primary basis for ADHD is neurochemically subtle inherited malfunction of the intricate passing messages between cells in the brain. So far, no spool medical finding, blood test, or X-ray is sensitive CTIOU to detect the abnormality, although a doctor’s evaluation is important in ruling out other causes of the troublesome behavior.
The child with ADHD exhibits difficulties in many areas of life (home, school, playground), but not a beam to the same degree, and parents may be confused or frustrated by some of the inconsistencies. Certain activities – usually ones that are highly intense such as games – can hold his interest, at times to a striking degree. In some one-on-one situations, he may act quite normal. This variability is actually very typical with ADHD, but it gives the definite impression that the child’s lack of attention is simple laziness or that impulsivity is wilful defiance.
One of the greatest challenges of parenting an ADHD child is discerning how much of a particular behaviour arises from biology and how much from consciousness. As the child grows older, the causes may blend. For example, extreme difficulty with schoolwork, which requires prolonged concentration and mental effort, them to dislike and then eventually to refusal to participate.
Repeated rejection by others because of behavior hest control may push him toward more deliberately excessive acts.