Amazon Rainforest Facts

  • The golden arrow poison frog lives in Central and South American rain forests.
  • The Amazon River in South America is the world’s second longest river (6448 km), and carries far more water than any other river.
  • The Amazon basin — the area drained by the Amazon and its tributaries — covers 7 million sq km and contains the world’s largest tropical rainforest.
  • Temperatures in the Amazon rainforest stay about 27 degrees centigrade all year round.
  • The Amazon rainforest contains more species of plant and animal than anywhere else in the world.
  • The Amazon is home to 30,000 different plants, 1550 kinds of bird, and 3000 species of fish in its rivers.
  • Manaus in the Amazon basin has a population of over a million and a famous 19th century opera house.
  • Since the 1960s the Brazilian government has been building highways and airports in the forest.
  • Some 10 percent of the forest has been lost for ever as trees are cut for wood, or to clear the way for gold-mining and ranching.
  • Forest can sometimes regrow, but has far fewer species.
  • In its upper reaches in the Andes, the Amazon tumbles over 5000 m in the first 1000 km.