Quark Facts


Quarks are one of the three tiniest basic, or elementary, particles from which every substance is made. Quarks are too small for their size to be measured, but their mass can. The biggest quark, called a top quark, is as heavy as an atom of gold. The smallest, called an up quark, is 35,000 times…
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Calcium Facts


Calcium Chemicals and materials Calcium is a soft, silvery white metal. It doesn’t occur naturally in pure form. In compounds, calcium is the fifth most abundant element on the Earth. Calcium is one of six alkaline-earth metals. Slaked lime is calcium hydroxide. It may be called `slaked’ because it slakes (quenches) a plant’s thirst for…
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How to Get Rid of Unwanted Hair


Unwanted hair is a strictly feminine problem; unwanted facial hair is a particularly personal one. Great numbers of women suffer from this complaint. In most cases, the symptom is not a disease, nor is it related to any internal disorder. But as a symptom in itself, it can produce much heart burning and soul searching….
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Python Facts


Constrictors are snakes that squeeze their victims to death, rather than poisoning them. They include pythons, boas and anacondas. A constrictor does not crush its victim. Instead, it winds itself around, gradually tightening its coils until the victim suffocates. Constrictors usually swallow victims whole, then spend days digesting them. They have special jaws that allow…
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Enuresis


The term enuresis is the one doctors use when talking about bed-wetting. The definition of this is “inappropriate voiding of urine at an age when control of micturition is to be expected.” (Micturition is passing of the urine.) Most children achieve bladder control by the age of three years, after they have learned to walk….
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How to Fit a Curtain Pole


There are many different methods of hanging curtains and drapes, ranging from simple rings on a wooden pole to complex tracks that are often cord operated and may even be motor driven. Poles can be wooden or metal, while tracks are either metal or plastic. The choice depends on the style of decor, and also…
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Fat Facts


Fats are an important source of energy. Together with carbohydrates and proteins, they make up your body’s three main components of foods. While carbohydrates are generally used for energy immediately, your body often stores fat to use for energy in times of shortage. Weight for weight, fats contain twice as much energy as carbohydrates. Fats…
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Fish Varieties


Choose the freshest fish you can find. If necessary, substitute another variety with similar qualities and use this guide to experiment with varieties you are unsure of. Lean Fish Bream Round fish, saltwater Firm, moist texture; delicate, sweet flavour Fry, grill, bake, steam Substitute: Red Mullet, John Dory Brui Flat fish, saltwater Fine texture; delicate…
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Monilial Infections


Monilial infections are white, patchy discolorations that commonly occur on the tongue and inside the cheeks of babies and small children. It may occur anywhere in the oral cavity. Surrounding mucous membrane is often red, and bleeding occurs if an attempt is made to remove the curd like patches. It may be painful. It is…
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Pancreatitis


What is Pancreatitis? This disease, which affects women more commonly, is due to unknown causes. It appears to be associated frequently (in about 30 per cent of cases) with gallstones and liver disease. Some claim that excess bile production tracks back along the tube that conveys pancreatic juices to the bowel (the pancreatic duct) and…
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Dog Training Problems


If you are acquiring a cross-breed, try to establish its parentage as far as possible. This may have a bearing on the ease with which it can be trained. As a general guide, breeds which have been developed to work closely with people, such as retrievers, sheepdogs and spaniels are among the most responsive to…
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Roseola


A viral illness most commonly seen in children younger than two years of age. It is characterized by an average of three to five days of high fever-ranging from103°F to 105°F and occasionally as high as 106°F-ac-companied by very few specific symptoms. A mild runny nose, an occasional cough, a little drowsiness, and at times…
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What is Pneumoconiosis


In Pneumoconiosis, lung disorders and debilitating symptoms occur as a result of particles being inhaled into the lungs during one’s occupation. They are often collectively referred to as “occupational lung diseases.” In recent years there has been an increasing awareness of the potential hazards associated with certain industries, for some occupations are obviously at greater…
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Architecture Facts


In the 1920s many architects rejected old styles to experiment with simple shapes in materials like glass, steel and concrete. The International Style was pioneered by the Swiss architect Le Corbusier who built houses in smooth geometric shapes like boxes. The Bauhaus school in Germany believed buildings should look like the job they were meant…
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Illness and Child Care


Abdominal pain This can be caused by indigestion, colic or wind, and antacids or charcoal tablets will help to relieve the symptoms quickly. Anyone suffering from abdominal pain accompanied by diarrhea, vomiting or fever should be seen by a doctor. Bad breath Bad breath may simply be the result of smoking or eating spicy foods,…
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Ear Injuries


Cuts, foreign bodies or infection are the usual causes of ear injuries that may be effectively treated. When ear injuries are serious, affecting hearing function and the balance of the body, and when ear injuries are associated with severe head injuries, medical attention is urgently required. This article tells you about what to do where…
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Gilding Equipment


Materials The materials needed for gilding are varied but they are readily available from craft shops due to the increasing popularity of this time honoured decorative technique. Bronze, aluminum and silver powders: these can be mixed with varnish or blown or brushed on to size. They can be used to color design work, or on…
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