Migraine


What is a Migraine? Migraine is a common form of headache. It is often extremely severe, commonly occurs on wakening in the morning, and is frequently one-sided. The attacks are often associated with nausea and vomiting, and sometimes with other vivid sensory symptoms. They may start from childhood, but more frequently come on during adult…
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Grassland Facts


Tropical grasslands are home to vast herds of grazing animals such as antelope and buffalo — and to the lions, cheetahs and other big cats that prey on them. There are few places to hide on the grasslands, so most grassland animals are fast runners with long legs. Pronghorn can manage 67 km/h for 16…
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Calcium Facts


Calcium Chemicals and materials Calcium is a soft, silvery white metal. It doesn’t occur naturally in pure form. In compounds, calcium is the fifth most abundant element on the Earth. Calcium is one of six alkaline-earth metals. Slaked lime is calcium hydroxide. It may be called `slaked’ because it slakes (quenches) a plant’s thirst for…
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Abdominal Pain Diagnosis


Abdominal examinations are now made much simpler with the use of ultrasound. The entire abdominal-thorack regions can be checked, and growths, cysts and similar abnormalities quickly picked up. The ultrasound depends on harmless sounds and waves bouncing through the organs making irregular patterns if unusual pathological objects are present. Computerised tomography (the CT scanner) is…
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Rocket Facts


Rockets work by burning fuel. As fuel burns and swells out behind, the swelling pushes the rocket forward. Solid-fuel rockets are the oldest of all engines, used by the Chinese a thousand years ago. Solid-fuel engines are basically rods of solid, rubbery fuel with a tube down the middle. Solid-fuel rockets are usually only used…
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Function of the Eye


The lens is a clear crystalline object covered by a fine capsule. At the outer periphery, the capsule connects with the ciliary body also. As the ciliary body contracts or dilates, it can alter marginally the shape of the lens. This gives the lens its power of accommodation. In other words, it tends to keep…
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Sunday School Lesson on King Josiah


Josiah Brings Reform Introduction A. “Accidental” Discoveries One day in 1947 a young Bedouin goatherd left his companions in order to find a stray goat. Eventually, he came upon a cave with a small opening at its top. Suspecting that the goat may have fallen inside, he threw some stones into the opening. Instead of…
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Water Facts


Water is the only substance on Earth which is commonly found as a solid, a liquid and a gas. Over 70 percent of the Earth’s surface is covered in water. Water is fundamental (basic) to all life – 70 percent of our bodies is water. Earth is the only planet in the Solar System to…
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Swamp Facts


Wetlands are areas of land where the water level is mostly above the ground. The main types of wetland are bogs, fens, swamps and marshes. Bogs and fens occur in cold climates and contain plenty of partially rotted plant material called peat. Marshes and swamps are found in warm and cold places. They have more…
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Cow Raising


With feed costs as high as they are today, keeping a cow may not save you much, if any, hard cash. But, if you like cows, are willing to spend a few hours each day feeding, watering and milking one and processing its fresh milk, then the animal will indeed reward you, with plenty of…
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Pet Canaries


Canaries are seed-eaters and are known as hardbills, with the typical short, pointed beak of the predominantly seed-eating bird. They have four claws, the first pointing backwards, and the second, third and fourth forwards. They weigh about 16 grams and normal body temperature is 43.3°C. An older canary has more ragged feathers. A well-groomed young…
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Bible Study Jude


Author: Jude Date: c. A.D. 64-70 Jude, one of Jesus’ half-brothers (Matthew. 13:55), was considered the writer of this letter throughout most of the history of the church. Recently, doubts have been cast upon this, but there is no compelling reason to doubt his authorship. Theological Themes in the Epistle of Jude Three basic themes…
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Stain Removal


Stains that are not treated at an early stage run the risk of ‘setting’ and becoming permanent. Take immediate action to stop a stain front spreading or sinking deeper into the fibers by blotting up the excess with a clean cloth, absorbent tissues or salt. Stains generally fall into 4 simple categories: Stains that can…
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Fresh Flower Arrangement


Materials and equipment For many arrangements, little is needed beyond a good pair of sharp, strong scissors and some florist’s wire, but elaborate displays on special occasions may need more support. Canes: thin canes can be used to support hollow and top-heavy stems. Carpet moss (sheet moss): this moss is useful for covering the surface…
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The Story of Gideon


Judges 6:1-40 It did not take long before the people forgot their promises again. Because they worshiped other gods, God could not make them strong. A terrible tribe called the Midianites conquered them. God chose a man named Gideon to help His people. He sent an angel who told Gideon he must knock down the…
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Snoring


A harsh noise produced by vibration of the soft palate and uvula of a sleeping child who is breathing pre-dominantly through the mouth. Not all noisy breathing is snoring. Nasal congestion and wheezing, for example, also generate sounds during sleep, but these are often heard during waking hours as well. Snoring occurs for a number…
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Extraterrestrial Facts


Extraterrestrial (ET) means ‘outside the Earth’. Some scientists say that ET life could develop anywhere in the Universe where there is a flow of energy. One extreme idea is that space clouds could become sentient (thinking) beings. Most scientists believe that if there is ET life anywhere in the Universe, it must be based on…
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The Righteous Judge Sunday School Lesson Activity


Into the Lesson Below are several statements about morality from the pens of famous writers. Ask your students to critique the quotations. 1. “I know only that what is moral is what you feel good after and what is immoral is what you feel bad after” (Ernest Hemingway); 2. “Morality is simply the attitude we…
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Citrus Fruit Facts


Citrus fruits are a group of juicy soft fruits covered with a very thick, waxy, evenly coloured skin in yellow, orange or green. Citrus fruits include lemons, limes, oranges, grapefruits and shaddocks. Inside the skin, the flesh of a citrus fruit is divided into clear segments, each usually containing one or several seeds or pips….
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