Pneumothorax


What is Pneumothorax? This means that air has managed to seep into the pleural space, and as a result the lung is not expanding normally with breathing. It is not common with children, although it sometimes occurs with newborn babies. In this case it is a surgical emergency usually dealt with on the spot by…
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Tower Facts


Romans, Byzantines and medieval Europeans built defensive towers in city walls and beside gates, giving them platforms for raining missiles on enemies. Early churches had square towers as landmarks to be seen from afar. From the 1100s, European cathedrals had towers called steeples, topped by a pointed spire. Spires began as pyramids on a tower,…
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Hyena Facts


All hyenas hide surplus food for later – sometimes even underwater in the case of the spotted hyena. Hyenas are more closely related to mongooses than to members of the dog family. In South Africa, brown hyenas, or ‘beach wolves, beach-comb for dead crabs, fish and sea mammals. A female brown hyena was once seen…
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Butterfly Facts


Butterflies are insects with four large wings that feed either on the nectar of flowers or on fruit. Together with moths, butterflies make up the scientific order Lepidoptera – the word means ‘scaly wings’. There are more than 165,000 species of Lepidoptera – 20,000 butterflies and 145,000 moths. Many butterflies are brightly coloured and fly…
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Animal Facts


All baby mammals except monotremes (see strange mammals) are born from their mother’s body, but most other creatures hatch from eggs. Most creatures hatch long after their parents have disappeared. Birds and mammals, though, usually look after their young. Most birds feed their hungry nestlings until they are big enough to find food for themselves….
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Australian Landmarks


Australia’s most famous landmark is Uluru or Ayers Rock, the biggest monolith (single block of stone) in the world, 348 m high and 9 km around. Uluru is the tip of a huge bed of coarse sand laid down in an inland sea some 600 million years ago. Lake Eyre is Australia’s lowest point, 15…
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Stripping Old Wall Coverings


Formerly when ordinary printed wall coverings were all that were readily available, it was common practice to paper over existing wallpaper, often to the point where four or five successive layers would accumulate. This is no longer considered acceptable (and will not work at all over today’s washable and vinyl wall coverings), and it is…
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How to Make Curtain Valences


The pelmet (valance) was originally used as a means of keeping curtains and drapes free from dust, and is now very popular simply as a decorative feature. Tie-backs are both attractive practical, holding hack curtains to let in the maximum light. A fabric covered pelmet is quick and simple to make with a special PVC…
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Chemical Compound Facts


Compounds are substances that are made when the atoms of two or more different elements join together. The properties of a compound are usually very different from those of the elements which it is made of. Compounds are different from mixtures because the elements are joined together chemically. They can only be separated by a…
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Dog Health


Abscesses An abscess is a localized collection of pus and may occur in any part of the body as a result of infection by a pus-producing organism. It usually results from a penetrating wound such as those caused by the teeth of another dog or by a foreign body such as a stick, thorn or…
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Amniocentesis


Amniocentesis is a test to detect abnormalities in the baby. It may also be done to assess fetal lung maturity if induction of labor or cesarean delivery is indicated. The test is performed by administering a local anesthetic, then drawing a sample of amniotic fluid using a long needle inserted through the abdominal and uterine…
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Varicose Veins


What is Varicose Veins? These are unsightly, engorged and knotted veins quite close to the surface of the skin, usually in the lower limbs. They are more common in women than in men. Older people who are overweight frequently suffer from this complaint.Varicose veins in the rectum are known as haemorrhoids or piles, and in…
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Facts on the Human Reproductive System


A woman’s reproductive system is where her body stores, releases and nurtures the egg cells (ova – singular, ovum) that create a new human life when joined with a male sperm cell. All the egg cells are stored from birth in the ovaries – two egg-shaped glands inside the pelvic region. Each egg is stored…
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Diet for Diabetics


Much has been said and written on diets for diabetics. Current thought now aims at making life as simple as possible. Rather than forcing a patient to stick rigidly to a diet (which will undoubtedly be broken in time), it is better to instill principles. Sticking to a reasonably low carbohydrate diet is essential. Very…
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How to Use a Sewing Machine


Few people would even think of beginning a sewing project without a sewing machine. Sewing by machine is quick and, if the tension has been set correctly, extremely neat. Machine stitching is indispensable when sewing long straight seams in soft furnishings and also produces strong seams in dressmaking. Use machine stitching in conjunction with hand…
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Grand Canyon Facts


The Grand Canyon in Arizona in the southwest USA is one of the most spectacular gorges in the world. The Grand Canyon is about 466 km long and and varies in width from less than 1 km to over 30 km. In places the Grand Canyon is so narrow that motorcycle stunt riders have leaped…
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Sunday School Lesson on Disobedience Topic Discussion


1.What is your most vivid personal memory of a national tragedy? How did this tragedy affect you spiritually, if at all? Most people will have some memory of September 11, 2001. Within the United States, other memories may include the shootings of Presidents Reagan and Kennedy, the two space shuttle disasters, the attack on Pearl…
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Fish Health


Anchor worm An anchor worm attach to a fish’s body and when it is attached it a fish it will never move around on a fish’s once its attached. Anchor worm infests large variety of fished such as Goldfish. Treatment is by using DFD (difluorozrichlormethylmethane) in a bath at 0.1 millimeter of aquarium water for…
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