The Bible is a book full of treasures for those willing to look for them. It offers historical information, God’s gift of salvation, advice for living pure lives, moving poetry, comfort and encouragement for suffering people, and much more. This section is a partial list of some of the interesting facts found in the Bible.
The Bible Itself
The Bible has 66 books, 39 in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament. It is composed of the writings of more than 30 different authors, who wrote during a time span of approximately 1500 years. The total number of verses in both Testaments is 30,442.
The Six Covenants
1. Adamic Covenant
God permits Adam and Eve to eat freely of any tree in the Garden of Eden, except the tree of knowledge of good and evil (Gen. 2:16-17). However, they disobey this order and succumb to the serpent’s temptation. They eat of the forbidden fruit, thereby gaining a knowledge of good and evil, injecting themselves into an ongoing struggle between God and Satan (i.e., the serpent; Rev. 12:9), and taking upon themselves the characteristics of this struggle between the goodness of God and the evil of Satan.
According to scripture, Satan is a spiritual being with limited power who rebels against God and seeks to obtain equality with him (See: Isa. 14:12-13; Ezek. 28:13-19; Jude 6). For their disobedience (called “The Fall”), Adam and Eve are expelled from Eden under a decree that their lives will be filled with sorrow. God tells Adam that he must now work outside the garden tilling the soil which is cursed and overrun with thorns and thistles. Eve is told that she will have many children, but will also have sorrow when they are born (Gen. 3:16-19).
From dust they were formed, and to dust they will return (Gen. 3:19). There will be enmity between their descendants and Satan. One of their descendants will defeat Satan (bruise or crush the serpent’s head), although Satan will wound his adversary (bruise his heel) (Gen. 3:15). As Cain is told, sin “lies at the door, and his desire is” to control the individual. One must gain control over him (Gen. 4:7).
As the number of children and grandchildren of Adam and Eve increases, they begin to “call upon the name of the Lord.”(Gen. 4:26). Thus, God has made provision for humans to redeem themselves by doing well, gaining control over sin, and calling upon the name of the Lord. Eventual and complete victory over Satan through a descendant of Adam and Eve is assured.
2. Noahic Covenant
After the ark lands on Mount Ararat, God makes a covenant with Noah and his descendants that the ground will continue to give forth a harvest; the seasons will not cease; Noah and his family are blessed and will be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth. God will not again destroy all mankind with a flood. The rainbow will be the sign of the everlasting covenant (Gen. 8:21-9:16).
3. Abrahamic Covenant
In about 2100 B.C., God makes a covenant with Abram and his wife Sarai (later changing their names to Abraham and Sarah) to the effect that they will become the founders of a great nation through a son who is to be born to them even though they are elderly. Abraham’s name will be great, and in him all families of the earth will be blessed (Gen. 12:1-3). Abraham and Sarah will be the father and mother of many nations.
The covenant will apply to their son as well. Circumcision of all males will be the sign of the covenant. The land of Canaan will be given to them as a possession forever (Gen. 17:8-27), although their descendants will live in a strange land for 400 years before this happens (Gen. 15:13-16). This covenant is confirmed with their son, Isaac, and Isaac’s son, Jacob (Gen. 26:4; 28:13-15). Jacob’s name is changed to Israel by an angel of the Lord, because Jacob is considered as a prince having power with God (Gen. 32:28). The terms and conditions of this covenant are to be carried out by the tribes of Israel, that is, the descendants of Jacob’s sons Judah, Benjamin, Levi, Joseph, Reuben, Simeon, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher (Gen. 48-49; Ex. 1:1-7).
4. Mosaic Covenant
In furtherance of the Abrahamic covenant, God calls out Moses in about 1450 B.C. to lead the Israelites out of Egypt. God makes a covenant with Moses and the Israelites that this is the time when they are to occupy the promised land. This covenant includes a code of laws beginning with the Ten Commandments; instructions for building a tabernacle and the Ark of the Covenant; instruction on how to worship God and to obtain forgiveness of sin. The words of God are to be put down in writing and preserved within the Ark of the Covenant.
The terms and conditions of this covenant are in Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The heart of the covenant is found in Dt. 28:20. If the Israelites keep the commandments and the law with heart and soul, they will be blessed both spiritually and materially. They shall become a nation above other nations. The covenant applies to them and to others not with them. But if the covenant is ignored, they will suffer dire consequences including dispersion to and captivity in other lands. If this should happen, provision is made for repentance, restoration of their relationship with God, and reestablishment of their nation.
5. Davidic Covenant
Some 400 years later God makes a covenant with David, the king-prophet-poet of Israel. God will make Israel secure. A temple is to be built for the Lord, but it will be David’s son who will build it. David’s throne and kingdom, and his son’s, will be established forever (II Sam. 7:10-16). This covenant is confirmed with David’s son, Solomon, after he is king of Israel.
In speaking to Solomon, God also includes a warning that if the Israelites do not follow the law as written, and if they serve other gods, the negative clauses in the Mosaic covenant will be enforced (I Ki. 9:3-9)
6. The New Covenant
The Psalms and the writing prophets record God’s desire for a right heart-attitude in worship as preferable to sacrifices and offerings made simply because they were prescribed by the Mosaic code. The people are called to magnify the name of the Lord, to repent, to be sorrowful for their sins, to seek God’s forgiveness, which he will give because of his loving kindness (Ps. 40; Isa. 1:11-18). He will make an everlasting and merciful covenant applicable to everyone (Hos. 1:10; 2:23; Isa. 55:3-5; 61:8); a covenant of peace and safety (Ezek. 34:25).
In about 600 B.C., Jeremiah reports God’s intention to put the new covenant in operation for a Jewish nation chastened and cleansed by their captivity in Babylon. This new covenant will not be according to the covenant made through Moses, which they broke. Under this new covenant, God will put his law in their “inward parts.” No one will have to teach others to know the Lord, for all shall know him. He will forgive their iniquity and remember their sin no more (Jer. 31:31-34; see also Ezek. 36:33).
About the same time as Jeremiah’s prophecy, Joel prophesies that the day will come when God will pour out his spirit on all mankind; that whoever calls upon the name of the Lord shall be a new spirit (Ezek. 36:26-27) [NOTE: In the New Testament Jesus says that his is the blood of the new covenant (Lk. 22:20). In Hebrews 8-10, it is said that Jesus is the fulfillment of the new covenant set forth by Jeremiah, and that Jesus is the mediator of its terms. In Acts 2:16-21, Peter declares the fulfillment of Joel’s Prophecy].
The new covenant presages a new beginning the ultimate in God’s relationship with his covenant-people. He will be their God, and they will be his people. There will be peace in the land, and the great prophet, like Moses, will lead mankind into all the right paths (Dt. 18:15-18). This prophet is the Messiah (Dan. 9:25). David and other psalmists speak of him (Ps. 2; 8:5; 16:10; 45; 72; 110; 118:22-26), and the words of the prophets are specific: he will be born of a virgin (Isa. 7:14) in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2); he will be of David’s line (Isa. 11:1-5, 10; Jer. 23:5); and, as God’s son, he will also be “the mighty God, everlasting Father, prince of peace”(Isa. 9:6; Dan. 9:25) and “son of man”(Dan. 7:13). He will be a humble king who will come riding upon a “colt, the foal of an ass,” bringing salvation to the people (Zech. 9:9). Being prince, shepherd (Ezek. 34:23-24), and servant, yet righteous judge (Isa. 11:1-5; 52:13-15), he will be rejected (Isa. 53:3) and sold for 30 pieces of silver (Zech. 11:12). He will be slain, bearing the sins of many and being counted among wrongdoers (Isa. 53:12). But he will rise again and make intercession for the transgressors (Isa. 53:10-12). [NOTE: The Hebrew word “mashiach,” which is rendered “messiah” in English, and the Greek word “christos,” from which comes the word “Christ,” both have the same meaning, namely, “anointed one.”
In the New Testament Jesus says that he is the Messiah proclaimed in the Old Testament (Lk. 22:67-70), and fulfillment of these prophecies is declared (Lk. 4:17-21). There are other Old Testament prophecies about the Messiah; according to some, there are as many as 300. The Open Bible lists 38.]
The Covenants and the Gentiles
Isaiah pointed out to his people that they were chosen to be a servant of God, and to be a light to the Gentiles (Isa. 49:3, 6). [A Gentile is anyone who is not Jewish, that is, not a descendant of Jacob (Israel).] So Israel was a nation formed through divine action to provide a cohesive community of people who were entrusted with God’s truth embodied in the covenants and laws. They were his writers and protectors of the written word, i.e., scripture.
Before Abraham and Sarah, there were no Hebrews, Israelites, or Jews. In fact, Abraham paid honor and tithe to a non-Hebrew priest of the most high God named Melchizedek (Gen. 14:17-20). Moses’ father-in-law was a Midianite priest who worshipped the God of Israel (Ex. 2:16-21; 18:12). The law given to Moses contained provisions for accepting strangers and sojourners among them (Ex. 12:11-48). Except for Passover, a Gentile could worship at the tabernacle and offer sacrifices and attend sacrificial feasts (Ex. 12:48; Dt. 16:11). If a Gentile man was circumcised he would observe the Passover (Ex. 12:48).
God’s Love for All
The law declares God’s love for everyone, both Israelite and Gentile. The stranger and sojourner among the children of Israel are loved by God, and the Israelites must love them also (Dt. 10:18-19). They are to be protected against injustice and violence (Ex. 23:9 ) and provided for in the same manner as are widows and orphans (Dt. 10:18; 26:12-13; Lev. 19:10).
Two prominent Gentiles who became Israelites were Rahab (Josh. 6:23) and Ruth (Ruth 1:16-17), both of whom were ancestresses of David and Jesus’ foster father, Joseph (Matt. 1:5-16). The task of Israel was to be a light to the nations, not only through preservation of God’s word, but also through the witness of their actions in conformance to the word (Gen. 12:1-2; 49:10-12; Dt. 4:6) so that all nations would know and worship the one true God (Ps. 32:12; 72:11; 148:11). Having failed to do so under the old covenant, which included the laws, the new covenant was promised through the prophets both to bring Israel (Judah) back to God, and to provide a means to bring his message to the whole world (Hos. 1:10; 2:23; Isa. 52:15; 55:5; 66:19-24; Jer. 33:9).
As we have seen, Joel’s prophecy about the pouring out of the Holy Spirit includes the declaration that whoever calls upon the name of the Lord will be delivered (Joel 2:32). Israel’s last Old Testament prophet, Malachi, predicted that God’s name will be great among the Gentiles, and that they will worship him (Mal. 1:11).
Worship Under the Old Covenant
Before the giving of the law under the Mosaic covenant, worship of God often included sacrifice of an animal on an altar made of rock and earth, and was dedicated to God by the worshiper. (See: Gen. 8:20; 12:7-8; 33:20) As expressed in Ps. 40:1-8, God looks to the faith of the person and his or her obedience to God’s direction more than to sacrifice. Abraham’s faith was “counted to him ” for righteousness God looking to the intent of his heart and soul (Gen. 15:6).
In the Mosaic law, to provide a framework for regular worship, God ordained that the Israelites would provide him with an abode for his earthly manifestation: the tabernacle. Detailed plans were given for a large tent with two rooms. The first room contained commemorative items, a stand for showbread, a golden candlestick, and an altar of incense. The second room was the Holy of Holies. In it were the Ark of the Covenant, a gold-covered chest containing the law, a pot of manna, and later the rod of Aaron (Ex. 16:33; Nu. 17:10; Heb. 9:2-4). The lid of the ark was called the mercy seat and was engraved with two figures representing angelic beings called cherubim. The Holy of Holies was separated from the other room by a heavy curtain called the veil. Only the high priest could enter the Holy of Holies, and then only once per year on the day of atonement (Lev. 16:1-28). The tabernacle was surrounded by a fence composed of curtains supported by a wooden frame, forming the courtyard around the tabernacle. In front of the tabernacle in the courtyard were placed an altar for making animal sacrifices and a laver (a washstand) for use by the priests in performing the required washings (Ex. 35-40). The tabernacle served as the central point for worship until it was replaced by a permanent temple built under Solomon’s direction (I Ki. 6).
Priests and Levites
Moses’ brother Aaron was the first high priest, and his sons were also priests. Future priests must be descendants of Aaron, and the high priest is to be selected from their ranks and appointed for life (Ex 28:1, 43). Centuries later, the high priesthood was limited to descendants of Aaron through the line of Zadok, a high priest during David’s reign (Ezek. 44:13-15; I Chron. 6:3-8). Moses and Aaron were Levites, that is, of the tribe of Levi. All Levites were bound to serve at the tabernacle and were assigned the task of dismantling it and carrying it as the children of Israel marched around in the wilderness (Nu. 3:1-49).
Sabbath and Feast Days
Feast: Rosh Hashanah (Lev.23:24-25)
Commemorates: God as king, judge and redeemer
Description of Feast:
On this two-day New Year celebration the Israelites prepared themselves for Yom Kippur which comes ten days later. In this celebration they extolled God as the one whose standard men have failed to meet and recounted His greatness, love, and mercy.
Feast: Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:26-32)
Atonement for sins of the nation
Description of Feast:
The people spent Yom Kippur (the day of atonement) away from the world, praying in the house of God while the priests offered sacrifices for the nation’s sins. Recognizing this day as the holiest of feast days, Jews neither ate nor drank for 24 hours.
Feast: Sukkot (Lev. 23:33-43, John 7:2)
Israel’s wanderings in the wilderness
Description of Feast:
During the seven-day celebration of Sukkot (the feast of tabernacles or booths) the people gave thanks for divine protection and harvest blessings. For seven days they lived in shelters made of branches, demonstrating their vulnerability to external elements yet confidence in God’s care.
Feast: Hanukah (John 10:22)
Rededication of the temple in 164 B.C.
Description of Feast:
On Hanukah (the festival of lights) Jews celebrated their victory over the Syrians and their rededication of the temple which the Syrians had desecrated. Through lighting a new candle each day for eight days, the Jews commemorated the miracle of the temple’s holy candelabrum: for the rededication they had only one day’s worth of consecrated oil but it burnt for eight full days, the time needed to consecrate more oil.
Feast: Purim (Esther 9)
The failure of Haman’s plot to destroy the Jews
Description of Feast:
During Purim (the feast of Esther) the people expressed their faith in the working of an invisible God behind the scenes of human events. It was a time of feasting and merriment.
Feast: Passover and Unleavened Bread (Lev. 23:4-8, Matt. 26:17)
Israel’s deliverance from Egypt
Description of Feast:
Known to the Jews as Pessah, Passover feast was the Independence Day of the Israelites. Each family symbolically reenacted the first Passover as they ate their own Passover meal. The celebration continued for seven days as they commemorated the Exodus and wilderness wanderings by eating unleavened bread and doing no work.
Feast: Pentecost (Lev. 23:9-22, Acts 2:1)
Celebration of harvest
Description of Feast:
On Pentecost (the feast of the weeks) the Jews celebrated the in gathering of the first fruits of the wheat harvest. This was a time of feasting and thank God for harvest and daily bread.
Sabbath and Feast Days Overview
In addition to the Sabbath, the day of rest and worship every seventh day, the law prescribes many feasts and observances throughout the year. Probably the most important is the day of atonement ceremony when the high priest is to enter the Holy of Holies and offer sacrifice and repentance to God for the forgiveness of the sins of all the people (Yom Kippur). Two goats are to be used. One is to be sacrificed; the high priest is to lay hands on the other, symbolically transferring the people’s sins to the goat, called the scapegoat. This goat is to be released to carry the sins away (Lev. 16:1-28).
Another important observance is the Feast of Tabernacles (also called Booths or Ingathering) held in thanksgiving for the harvest. The people stay in booths or huts made with branches and leaves to remind them of their manner of life in the wilderness. This festival amounts to a seven-day retreat. It is a time for praising God, rejoicing, and hearing the reading of the law (Nu. 28:12; Dt. 16:13-15; 31:9-13).
The Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread commemorate the passing of the angel of death over the Israelites’ homes in Egypt, the sparing of the lives of their firstborn, and the escape to the promised land (Ex. 12:11-51). The Feast of Weeks (Pentecost), or Firstfruits, celebrates the beginning of Harvesttime (Lev. 23:17; generally, see Nu. 28-29).
The Mosaic law also provides for a “Year of Jubilee” every 50 years. This special year for proclaiming liberty begins with the day of atonement observance. During this year the ground is to lie fallow. It is a time when property and bondservants may be redeemed, and special efforts are to be made to help the poor (Lev. 25:8-55).
The priests and Levites are also to teach the Torah to the people (Lev. 10:8-10; Dt. 33:8-10). Joshua was admonished by the Lord to meditate on the book of the law day and night. He inscribed the law on stones and read it to the Israelites and the strangers among them (Josh. 1:8; 8:30-35). In the final analysis, however, it is the duty of the parents to teach their children the law at every opportunity, and to write it on the doorposts of their houses and upon their gates. Observance of the law is their righteousness (Dt. 6:6-9, 20-25).
The Twelve Tribes of Israel
The Ten Commandments
You shall have no other gods besides me.
You shall not worship any idol.
You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God.
Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.
Honor your father and your mother.
You shall not murder.
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not steal.
You shall not give false testimony.
You shall not covet anything that is your neighbor’s.
(Paraphrased from Exodus 20:3-17)
Eight Women Prophets of the Bible
Miriam (Exod. 15:20)
Deborah (Judg. 4:4)
Huldah (II Kings 22:14-20)
Anna (Luke 2:36-38)
Four daughters of Philip (Acts 21:8-9)
Musical Instruments in the Bible
Harp (Gen. 4:21)
Flute (Gen. 4:21)
Ram’s Horn Trumpets (Josh. 6:4)
Tambourines (I Sam. 18:6)
Lutes (I Sam. 18:6)
Lytes (I Chron. 16:5)
Cymbals (I Chron. 16:5)
Stringed Instruments (dedications to Psalms such as 4, 6 and 55)
Horn (Dan. 3:5)
Zither (Dan. 3:5)
Pipes (Dan. 3:5)
Animals in the Bible
Donkeys (Gen. 12:16)
Cattle (Gen. 12:16)
Goats (Gen. 27:9)
Horses (Gen. 47:17)
Sea Cow (Exod. 25:5)
Rabbit (Lev. 11:6)
Pig (Lev. 11:7)
Bat (Lev. 11:19)
Weasel (Lev. 11:29)
Rat (Lev. 11:29)
Gazelle (Deut. 12:15)
Deer (Deut. 12:15)
Ox (Deut. 14:4)
Roe Deer (Deut. 14:5)
Ibex (Deut. 14:5)
Wild Goat (Deut. 14:5)
Antelope (Deut. 14:5)
Coney Or Rock Badger (Deut. 14:7)
Lion (Judg. 14:5-6)
Sheep (I Sam. 16:11)
Bear (I Sam. 17:34-36)
Dog (I Sam. 17:43)
Mule (I Kings 1-33)
Apes (II Chron. 9-21)
Camels (Job 1:3)
Behemoth, Hippo or Elephant (Job 40:15)
Boar (Ps. 80:13)
Foxes (Song Of Sol. 2:15)
Jackals (Isa. 34:13)
Hyenas (Isa. 34:14)
Leopard (Jer. 13:23)
Wolves (Matt. 7:15)
Birds in the Bible
Raven (Gen. 8:7)
Dove (Gen. 8:8)
Quail (Exod. 16:13)
Eagle (Lev. 1:13)
Vulture (Lev. 11:13)
Red Kite (Lev. 11:14)
Black Kite (Lev. 11:14)
Horned Owl (Lev. 11:16)
Gull (Lev. 11:16)
Hawk (Lev. 11:16)
Owl (Lev. 11:17)
Cormorant (Lev. 11:17)
Great Owl (Lev. 11:17)
White Owl (Lev. 11:18)
Desert Owl (Lev. 11:18)
Osprey (Lev. 11:18)
Stork (Lev. 11:19)
Heron (Lev. 11:19)
Hoopoe (Lev. 11:19)
Falcon (Deut. 14:13)
Sparrow (Ps. 84:3)
Swallow (Ps. 84:3)
Screech Owl (Isa. 34:11)
Swift (Isa. 38:14)
Thrush (Isa. 38:14)
Partridge (Jer. 17:11)
Hen & Chicks (Matt. 23:37)
Rooster (Matt. 26:34)
Pigeons (Luke 2:24)
Rivers, Lakes, & Seas in the Bible
Chebar, River (Canal)
Egypt, River of or Brook of
Egypt, Stream of (Nile River)
Kanah, River or Brook
Sea of Galilee or Sea of Chinnereth or Sea of Chinneroth or Lake
of Gennesaret or Lake of Tiberias
Great Sea (Mediterranean Sea)
Salt Sea (Dead Sea) or Sea of the Arabah or Sea of the Plain
The Twelve Apostles
James (son of Alphaeus)
Lebbaeus Thaddaeus (Judas, brother of James)
Ten Biblical Records of People Raised from the Dead
Zarephath widow’s son (I Kings 17:17-24)
Shunammite woman’s son (II Kings 4:32-37)
Man whose body touched Elisha’s bones (II Kings 13:20-21)
Saints at Jesus’ death (Matt. 27:50-53)
Jesus (Matt. 28:5-8; Mark 16:6; Luke 24:5-7)
Son of the widow of Nain (Luke 7:11-15)
Jairus’ daughter (Luke 8:41-42, 49-55)
Lazaraus (John 11:1-44)
Dorcas (Acts 9:36-42)
Eutychus (Acts 20:9-10)
Jesus’ Seven Last Sayings on the Cross
Then said Jesus, “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.” And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.
And Jesus said unto him, “Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.”
When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, “Woman, behold thy son!” Then saith he to the disciple, “Behold thy mother!” And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.
And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is, being interpreted, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?”
After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith “I thirst”
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said “It is finished:” and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, “Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit:” and having said thus, he gave up his ghost.
Visions of God by Biblical People
Jacob dreamed of “a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.” Above the ladder stood the Lord.
Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and the seventy elders of Israel went up and saw the God of Israel.
Moses saw the back of God.
Micaiah saw “the Lord sitting upon his throne, and all the host of heaven standing on his right hand and on his left.”
II Chron. 18:18
Isaiah saw “the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up.”
Ezekiel saw “the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone; and upon the likeness of a throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it.”
In Daniel’s vision thrones were set in place, “and the Ancient of Days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.”
Stephen . . .”looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God.”
Paul wrote: “I knew a man in Christ above four-teen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) such an one caught up to the third heaven.”
II Cor. 12:2
John wrote: “And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on the throne. And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.”
Important Biblical Names
Aaron – enlightened
Abel – breath, a meadow
Abigail – father joy, father’s joy
Abraham – father of a multitude
Absalom – father of friendship or of peace
Adam – man
Agrippa – causing pain at birth
Ahaz – possessor
Amos – burden, one with a burden
Andrew – a man, manly
Anna – grace, gracious
Apollos – belonging to Apollo
Aquila – an eagle
Balaam – foreigner, Lord of the people
Barnabas – son of consolation
Bartholomew – son of Ptolemy
Bathsheba – daughter of an oath or of seven
Benjamin – son of the right hand
Bernice – bringer of victory
Boaz – fleetness, strength
Cain – acquisition, possession
Caleb – a barker, a dog
Cephas – a stone, rock
Clement – mild, gentle
Cornelius – of a horn
Cyrus – sun, splendor
Dan – judge
Daniel – God is my judge, God’s judge
David – dear, beloved
Deborah – a bee
Delilah – weak, tender, unhappy
Ehud – the only
Eleazar – God my helper
Eli – lifting up
Elijah – Jehovah my God
Elisabeth – oath of God
Elisha – God as a Savior
Enoch – dedicated, consecrated
Esau – hairy
Esther – a star
Eve – life, living
Ezekiel – strength of God, or God will strengthen
Ezra – help
Felix – happy
Festus – joyful
Gabriel – man of God
Gad – good fortune, fortunate
Gaius – of the earth
Gideon – a hewer, tree-feller
Goliath – expulsion, expeller
Habakkuk – clasper of the hands, embrace
Haggai – festive
Ham – hot, black
Hannah – grace, prayer
Hazael – sight of, seen by God
Herod – glory of the skin
Hezekiah – might of Jehovah
Hosea – deliverance, salvation
Immanuel – God with us
Isaac – laughter
Isaiah – salvation of Jehovah
Ishmael – whom God hears
Israel – soldier of God
Jacob – supplanter
James – supplanter
Jason – healer
Jehoiakim – set up by Jehovah
Jehoshaphat – Jehovah judges
Jehovah – the eternally existing
Jehu – Jehovah is He
Jeremiah – exalted by God
Jesse – wealth, firm
Jesus – healer, savior
Jethro – preeminent
Jezebel – without cohabitation, chaste
Joab – Jehovah is father
Job – the much injured, afflicted
Joel – whose God is Jehovah
John – God’s gift, grace
Jonah – a dove
Jonathan – Jehovah’s gift, Jehovah is gracious
Joseph – he shall add
Joshua – Jehovah is salvation
Josiah – God is healer
Jotham – Jehovah is upright
Judah – pleased
Judas – pleased
Jude – praised
Judith – Jewess
Laban – white, beautiful
Lazarus – God is my helper
Levi – crowned, crown
Lot – covering, veil
Lucifer – light-bringer
Luke – light-giver
Lydia – contention
Malachi – one-sent, messenger of Jehovah
Manasseh – forgetting, one who makes to forget
Mark – polite
Martha – lady
Mary – resistance, rebellion
Matthew – gift of Jehovah
Melchizedek – king of righteousness
Methuselah – man of a dark, of offspring
Micah – who is like God?
Michael – who is like God?
Miriam – resistance, rebellion
Moab – the desirable land
Mordecai – consecrated to Merodach
Moses – drawn out of the water
Nahum – consolation, sympathy, comforter
Naomi – gracious, comely, pleasant
Nathan – gift (of God)
Nathanael – gift (of God)
Nebuchadnezzar – prince of the god Nebo
Nehemiah – consolation from God
Nicodemus – conqueror of the people
Noah – rest
Obadiah – servant of Jehovah
Othniel – lion of God
Paul – little
Peter – a rock, stone
Philemon – affectionate
Philip – lover of horses
Priscilla – ancient
Rachel – a ewe
Rahab – roomy, gracious
Rebecca – a fetter, fettering cord
Reuben – lo! a son, Jehovah has seen, God’s mercy
Ruth – a friend
Samson – like the sun
Samuel – name of God, placed by God, heard of God
Sarah – princess
Satan – adversary
Saul – asked for
Seth – sprout
Simeon – one heard
Simon – one heard
Solomon – peaceful
Stephen – a crown
Thaddaeus – man of heart
Thomas – twin
Timothy – honored by God, honoring God
Titus – honorable
Uriah – light of Jehovah, Jehovah is my light
Uzziah – power of Jehovah, strength of Jehovah
Zachariah – remembered by Jehovah
Zedekiah – justice of Jehovah
Zephaniah – treasure of Jehovah, Jehovah hides
Names of Jesus
Alpha and Omega (Rev. 1:8)
Anointed One (Ps. 2:2)
Author of Life (Acts 3:15)
Branch (Zech. 6:12)
Bright and Morning Star (Rev. 22:16)
Christ (Matt. 1:16)
Daystar (II Pet. 1:19)
Everlasting Father (Isa. 9:6)
Gate (John 10:9)
Good Shepherd (John 10:14)
Holy and Righteous One (Acts 3:14)
I am (John 8:58)
Immanuel (Isa. 7:14)
King of Kings (Rev. 19:16)
Lamb (Rev. 5:6-13)
Lamb of God (John 1:29)
Lion of Judah (Rev. 5:5)
Lord of Lords (Rev. 19:16)
Might God (Isa. 9:6)
Nazarene (Matt. 2:23)
Prince of Peace (Isa. 9:6)
Rabbi (John 1:38)
Root of David (Rev. 5:5)
Root of Jesse (Isa. 11:10)
Son of David (Matt. 15:22)
Son of God (Mark 1:1)
Son of Man (Matt. 8:20)
True Vine (John 15:1)
Wonderful Counselor (Isa. 9:6)
Word (John 1:1)
Word of God (Rev. 19:13)
Twelve Benedictions in the Bible
“The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.”
“The Lord bless thee and keep thee; the Lord make his face shine upon thee and be gracious to thee; the Lord lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace.”
“To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.”
“Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.”
“Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen.”
“Now the Lord of peace himself give you peace always by all means. The Lord be with you all.”
II Thess. 3:16
“Unto Timothy, my own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.”
I Tim. 1:2
“The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen.”
II Tim. 4:22
“Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.”
“Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity. Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus. Amen.”
I Pet. 5:14
“Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord.”
II Pet. 1:2
“Grace be unto you, and peace from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne. And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood.”