Category Archives: Health

Acute Otitis Media Acute Otitis Media


What is Acute Otitis Media? Otitis or acute otitis media, or more simply infection of the middle ear is common in children, and may come on in the middle of the night. It is occasionally described as a knife stabbing through the head. It may be very severe. Often the child wakes up with an…
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Function of the Eye Function of the Eye


The lens is a clear crystalline object covered by a fine capsule. At the outer periphery, the capsule connects with the ciliary body also. As the ciliary body contracts or dilates, it can alter marginally the shape of the lens. This gives the lens its power of accommodation. In other words, it tends to keep…
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How to Get to Sleep How to Get to Sleep


Have you ever laid awake at night, hearing every passing vehicle, every abnormal noise, every dripping tap or gutter – it seems even noisier if it is raining lightly. The more you cannot sleep, the deeper everybody else in the house seems to be in slumber. Unconsciousness reigns supreme, yourself excepted, and you: chances of…
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Restless Leg Syndrome Restless Leg Syndrome


Some patients complain of “restless legs,” causing the legs to twitch and jump shortly after retiring to bed at night. It may be associated with vague sensory changes. The bed partner complains more frequently than the patient. The cause is unknown. Some claim it is due to oxygen lack to the lower limbs occasioned by…
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Perforated Peptic Ulcers Perforated Peptic Ulcers


The ulcer may suddenly perforate, or penetrate the wall of the stomach or duodenum. If this is not sealed off by an adjacent organ, it constitutes an abdominal emergency. This is more likely to occur with a duodenal ulcer than a gastric ulcer (5:1 in men, but only 2:1 in women). The ulcer may be…
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Diabetes Insipidus Diabetes Insipidus


What is Diabetes Insipidus? Diabetis insipidus is caused when the posterior part of the pituitary gland fails to secrete adequate amounts of the antidiuretic hormone (or ADH) arginine vasopressin, which helps to control loss of water. It was first described as far back as 1794 when Frank spoke of it as a “long continued abnormality…
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Food Allergy Food Allergy


Various symptoms and syndrome, at commonly attributed to foods, but true food allergy relatively uncommon. Many genuine reactions (such as lactose intolerance) do not directly invoke immune system, and many behaviors (such as fatigue and hyperactivity) are often provoked neither by food allergy. As already noted, some foods such as nuts, berries, chocolate, tomatoes, wheat,…
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Hemangiomas Hemangiomas


What is Hemangiomas? Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors formed by small blood vessels. They are commonly found on the skin hence also referred to as birth marks however, they can present themselves in any tissue within the body including muscles, synovium, bones, tendons and connective tissues. Hemangiomas tend to appear within the first three weeks…
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Fontanelle Fontanelle


To make birth as simple as possible, nature has been very kind. The largest part of the baby to appear (and usually the first) is the head. It is essential, of course, that the head fits through the mother’s bony pelvis. That’s right. For this reason the bones of the head are relatively soft and…
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Secondary Dysmenorrhoea Secondary Dysmenorrhoea


Secondary Dysmenorrhoea is a period-associated pain hardly ever occurs before the age of 30. More often it is seen in women past 35 years. As the name implies, the pain is -often secondary to some other precipitating cause. Sometimes the pain is associated with actual diseases of the pelvis. The most notorious is a condition…
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Dwarfism Dwarfism


What is Dwarfism? Dwarfism means a child is abnormally short compared to contemporaries of the same age and racial origin. Abnormal shortness is not always associated with a defect of the pituitary mechanism, for it may be related to many other fairly common medical ailments. For example, malnutrition could prevent normal physical development. The food…
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How to Stop Bedwetting How to Stop Bedwetting


First and foremost, remember that for the vast majority of children with enuresis will eventually resolve on their own as their central nervous system matures. (Each year after the age of six, 15 percent of children who still have enuresis, spontaneously stop wetting at night.) Enuresis is not of disobedience or weakness of character. Steps…
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Baby Eye Infections Baby Eye Infections


During birth, baby traverses its mother’s vaginal passage, the so-called birth canal. If there are infections present in this region, the germs may reach baby’s eyes, and set up serious infections. In fact, it’s possible for partial or complete blindness to occur if left unchecked. Gonococcal and staphylococcal infections may occur. These are now much…
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Hodgkin’s Disease Hodgkin’s Disease


What is Hodgkins’s Disease? This is a malignant disease of the lymphoreticular system, the regions that produce certain white blood cells. It is also known as lymphadenoma or lymphogranulomatosis. Hodgkin’s Disease Causes The cause is unknown, although over the past few years the medical journals have been suggesting a possible infective agent. They point out…
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Phenylketonuria Phenylketonuria


This disease interestingly, occurs in babies as an inherited genetic defect. It prevents the production of a special body hormone called phenylalanine hydroxylase, which in turn makes it impossible for chemicals in certain foods to be dealt with in the body. So they accumulate, and unless treated may cause severe mental retardation. It seems more…
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Hearing Impaired Devices Hearing Impaired Devices


Hearing aids are now widely used and can offer considerable assistance to many with hearing defects. With continued improvement in electronics, better, more efficient and smaller models are constantly being produced. The older “body-level” devices are rapidly giving way to the more sophisticated aids that arc worn at ear level. There are two main kinds…
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Premenstrual Syndrome Premenstrual Syndrome


At least 50 per cent of women (probably more) are affected at some stage or other with an unpleasant condition called premenstrual syndrome (or PMS for short). This can vary from vague symptoms that produce little disturbance, to a set of extremely uncomfortable symptoms. It is often referred to as dis-ease, rather than a disease….
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Diabetes Symptoms Diabetes Symptoms


The classical picture of the diabetic is a person suffering from severe thirst, who passes abnormally large amounts of urine and loses weight. However, in practice, only about one third of diabetics fit into this picture. Another third are a modified version. Lack of pep and energy, weakness of the muscles, mild thirst and some…
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