Category Archives: Health

Stye Stye


What is Stye? Stye (Hordeolum) is an infection of the microscopic sebaceous glands of the eyelid. Normally these produce a fatty material that helps to lubricate the inner surface of the lids. If staphylococcal germs penetrate the duct and multiply in the gland, a painful swelling can rapidly develop, commonly called a stye. Stye can…
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Harelip Harelip


Facial abnormalities occur with a certain proportion of babies. These may be “cleft lip” (colloquially termed “harelip”); or “cleft palate,” or a combination of the two at the one time, “cleft-lip and palate.” This means that, at the time of birth, Cleft lip is a congenital abnormality, there has been a defect of the lip…
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Infectious Disease Infectious Disease


Septic Arthritis A bacterial infection of a joint, or septic arthritis, can be very serious and could potentially cause permanent, major damage if not detected early and treated appropriately. The hip and the knee are most commonly involved. The cause may be obvious (for example, a puncture wound from a nail), but more often the…
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Otitis Media Otitis Media


Otitis media (OM) is the most common acute illness, as than the common cold, young children. Seventy-five percent of all children will experience at least one episode of OM, and 20 percent will have multiple recurrences. SYMPTOMS Typically, an infant develops a cold, becomes irritable, cries persistently, sleeps fitfully (if at all), and loses his…
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Dental Care Dental Care


One of the memorable milestones in parenting is seeing the first white nubbin poking though a pink gum line, nearly always between six and ten months of age. This is the first of the primary (temporary) teeth, which allow children to chew and speak until the secondary, or permanent, teeth appear. Between six and nine…
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Polyps of the Colon Polyps of the Colon


Polyps are small meaty growths that commonly occur on the inner walls of the colon. They commence as very small outgrowths and gradually develop. A fairly rare hereditary condition is called familial polyposis coil, and these tumours frequently undergo malignant change, turning into cancer. Single polyps are often discovered during colonoscopies. Sometimes these may present…
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Hypothermia Hypothermia


Hypothermia, or low body temperature, results from prolonged unprotected exposure to a cold environment. Immersion in cold water causes much greater loss of body heat, and exposure to air the same temperature and thus can cause hypothermia within minutes (Wearing wet clothes in a cold environment also increases heat loss and the likelihood of hypothermia.)…
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Carbohydrates Carbohydrates


An enormous amount of carbohydrate is eaten each day by most people in Western societies. This is another key risk factor. A brief perusal of the table given in this section will indicate just how much an average person takes in the way of refined flour and sugars. As has already been mentioned, this greatly…
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Gonad Gonad


The gonads are the glands responsible for the essentials of reproduction. They also produce the characteristic sex hormones of either sex, although other centers can make sex hormones in lesser quantities. In the male this is represented by the testes and in the female by the ovaries. Gonad derived from the Greek word gone, meaning…
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Worming Worming


Worming Most children have worms at some stage of their lives. It’s very common in Australia, and generally is due to threadworm, so named because to the naked eye they look like short pieces of white cotton cut up, except that they move and wriggle about in a most lively fashion. They may be found…
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Overweight Overweight


If you are obviously overweight, it is sensible to embark on a systematic routine to try to reduce this to a safer level. The overweight syndrome is universal. People everywhere are looking for a quick solution to their problem. Women particularly seek relief, as being overweight detracts from lovely looks. Clothes do not look so…
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Cryptorchidism Cryptorchidism


What is Cryptorchidism? Cryptorchidism means that one or both testes are absent from the scrotum, and it may be on one or both sides. The testes may still be located within the abdominal cavity, from whence they should have migrated at or just prior to birth. They may be located in the tract along which…
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Bedwetting Medications Bedwetting Medications


Two medications have been recognized as potentially helpful in controlling bedwetting. The use of either requires a doctor’s prescription and a thorough understanding of potential benefits, risks, and proper use. Consider these important points before using either of these drugs: They are best suited for children who are at least eight years old and for…
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Corneal Ulcers Corneal Ulcers


What are Corneal Ulcers? Ulcers can occur on the cornea, often causing pain, blurring of vision and discomfort from light. Often they are preceded by some form of trauma. Urgent treatment by the doctor (usually an eye specialist) is essential. Most ulcers are responsive to early treatment, but the longer the delay, the less chance…
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Reconstruction Surgery Reconstruction Surgery


Patients with extensive surgery are now being offered immediate reconstructive surgery. Here, either an artificial (saline-filled) prosthesis, or bag, or some of the patient’s own tissue, if available, is inserted in the chest wall when the breast is removed. This is the ideal situation for this type of surgery. Then the woman has the mental…
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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Polycystic Ovary Syndrome


What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome? This condition is marked by the presence of small, multiple cysts in the ovaries, along with amenorrhoea and infertility. It occurs between the ages of 16 and 30 years. Women have an increased rate of testosterone (male hormone) production; however the production rate of female hormone is usually normal. Polycystic…
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Speech Defect Speech Defect


What is Speech Defect? Children may commence to have speech defects at an early age. When is the most common starting point? Stammering and stuttering often commence in the three-to-six-years age group. Once established it may remain a lifetime problem and a very embarrassing one as the child becomes older. Most adults who stutter can…
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