Citrus Fruit Facts



  • Citrus fruits are a group of juicy soft fruits covered with a very thick, waxy, evenly coloured skin in yellow, orange or green.
  • Citrus fruits include lemons, limes, oranges, grapefruits and shaddocks.
  • Inside the skin, the flesh of a citrus fruit is divided into clear segments, each usually containing one or several seeds or pips.
  • Citrus fruits grow in warm Mediterranean climates, and they are very vulnerable to frost.
  • Some citrus fruit-growers warm the trees with special burners in winter to avoid frost-damage.
  • The sharp tang of citrus fruits comes from citric acid.
  • Lemons were spread through Europe by the crusaders who found them growing in Palestine.
  • Columbus took limes to the Americas in 1493.
  • Scottish physician James Lind (1716-1794) helped eradicate the disease scurvy from the British navy by recommending that sailors eat oranges and lemons.
  • The orange is a popular citrus fruit, enjoyed for its tangy juice and high Vitamin C content.
  • Citrus fruits are richer in Vitamin C than any other fruit or vegetable.