Covering Floors



When covering floors, consider the purpose and frequency of use for the area(s) and who uses it since coverings vary having different characteristics or features to meet different needs. Depending on the use of the room, a covering that repels liquid, one that is stain resistant or one that does not chip or ignites easily might be favored over another.

While choosing flooring material there are some guidelines that are best followed. The main places to think about are the kitchen, living room, bathroom, stairs and hallways since these are shared areas. For a household with children, using thick short-piled durable carpeting instead of waxed or polished hardwood floors for the stairs, landing and some hallways is recommended for safety reasons. The projected time, resources and effort needed for cleaning should also be a deciding factor. Hence, places like the kitchen and living room or front entrance of the house are best covered with “easy to clean” coverings that can handle heavy usage.



There are three main choices when covering floors:

Wood floor- two popular options exist (1) interlocking planks that make up wood-strips backed by plywood or veneer which can be laid over the flooring already there. (2) square panels consisting of several ‘fingers’ of wood glued to a backing made of either felt or cloth with makes laying the floor as well as handling it easy. Due to how they are made, wood-strip flooring does not have to be secured regularly, needing only to be clipped or nailed on occasion. The size and cuts of each is different hence fit different rooms and needs.

Carpeting-carpet coverings are made up of fibre woven to or secured with durable backing. The fibre can be nylon, viscose rayon, acrylic, wool, or polypropylene. The techniques used to construct carpeting will affect pricing with those woven known to cost the most. The thickness, blends and length of fibre; also referred to as pile, help to determine a carpet’s characteristics or benefits. These include soil, heat and fire resistance as well as appearance. Make note of the classification given to carpets if it is chosen for covering floors since this indicates its threshold for wear and tear.



Sheet-Vinyl-this is a popular choice for hallways, kitchens and bathrooms, this kind of covering is used to achieve easy to clean floors that are also smooth and facilitate good hygiene. Made of plastic resins, sheet-vinyl has a clear protective wear layer over its designs and tends to have added warmth and comfort because of a layer between the backing and top clear layer that acts as an air cushion. Securing this type of flooring is hassle free since it cuts easily, is relatively flexible and only needs to be reinforced at the edge and seams which have double-sided adhesives strips or tapes.

It is best to look at all available options both within and outside of each main category to choose the covering that best suits your purpose and always ensure that measurements are precise.