Deer Facts



  • Antelopes and deer are four-legged, hooved animals. Along with cows, hippos and pigs, they belong to the huge group called artiodactyls – animals with an even number of toes on each foot.
  • Antelopes and deer chew the cud like cows – they chew food again, after first partially digesting it in a special stomach.
  • Most antelope species live in herds in Africa. Many are very graceful, including the impala and Thompson’s gazelle. Most are also fast runners.
  • The horns on an antelope’s head last its lifetime.
  • Deer have branching antlers of bone (not horn) on their heads, which drop off and grow back again each year.
  • Most deer species live in woods and grasslands in mild regions such as northern Europe and North America.
  • The moose or elk grows antlers that are more than 2 m wide.
  • Male deer are called stags, young males are bucks, females are does and babies are fawns.
  • Usually only stags have antlers. The only female deer to have them are caribou or reindeer, which are the same species of deer but with different names.
  • Caribou can survive in the icy cold of Spitsbergen Island in the Arctic circle.