Dog Facts



  • The dog family is a large group of four-legged, long-nosed, meat-eating animals. It includes dogs, wolves, foxes, jackals and coyotes.
  • All kinds of dog have long canine teeth for piercing and tearing their prey. (Canine means `dog’).
  • When they are hunting, dogs rely mainly on their good sense of smell and their acute hearing.
  • Wolves are the largest wild dogs. They hunt together in packs to track down animals bigger than themselves, such as moose, deer, caribou and musk oxen.
  • A wolf pack may have 7 to 20 wolves, led by the eldest male and female.
  • A wolf pack’s territory may be 1,000 square km or more. Wolves can travel vast distances when hunting.
  • Wolves once lived all over Europe and North America, but are now rare in Europe and are found only in remote areas of North America and Asia.
  • Foxes are cunning hunters which prowl at night, alone or in pairs. Typical prey includes rats, mice and rabbits.
  • The red fox has adapted to the growth of towns and cities and may often be seen at night raiding suburban rubbish bins and dumps.
  • The jackals of Africa look like small wolves, but they hunt alone for small prey and only meet in packs to grab the leftovers from the kill of a lion.
  • In Europe and North America the adaptable red fox has taken to living in towns and cities. It will raid trash cans for food.