Facts About Asia



  • Asia is the world’s largest continent, stretching from Europe in the west to Japan in the east.
  • It has a total area of 44,680,718 sq km.
  • Asia has huge climate extremes, from a cold polar climate in the north to a hot tropical one in the south.
  • Verkhoyansk in Siberia has had temperatures as high as 37°C and as low as —68°C.
  • The Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world, with 14 peaks over 8000 m high.
  • To the north are vast deserts, broad grasslands and huge coniferous forests. To the south are fertile plains and valleys and tropical jungles.
  • Baikal is the deepest lake — 1743m — and it holds 20 percent of the world’s fresh water.
  • Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia, is about 25 million years old. It contains about one-fifth of all the world’s fresh water. The water is carried there by 336 rivers that flow into it.
  • Lake Baikal has the world’s only freshwater seals, and among its many unique animals is a fish that bears live young.
  • Asia is a vast continent of wide plains and dark forests in the north, separated from the tropical south by the Himalayas.
  • Northern Asia sits on one giant tectonic plate.
  • India is on a separate plate that crashed into the north Asia years ago. It is piling up the Himalayas as it ploughs on nor
  • Asia’s longest river is China’s Yangtze, 5520 km long.
  • Asia’s highest mountain is the world’s highest — Mt Everest, in Nepal at 8848 m.
  • The Caspian Sea between Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan is the lake, covering 378,400 sq km.