Facts About Berlin



  • Berlin is Germany‚Äôs capital and largest city, with a population of about 3.5 million.
  • Berlin was originally capital of Prussia, which expanded to become Germany in the 1800s.
  • The city was wrecked by Allied bombs in World War II.
  • After the War Berlin was left inside the new communist East Germany and split into East and West by a high wall.
  • East Berlin was the capital of East Germany; the West German capital moved to Bonn.
  • In 1989 the East German government collapsed and the Berlin Wall was torn down. East and West Germany were united in 1990 and Berlin was made capital again.
  • The Brandenburg Gate is a huge stone arch built in 1791. It now marks the boundary between east and west.
  • The Brandenburg Gate marked the boundary between East and West Berlin. In 1990 the east and west halves of the city were reunited.
  • The Berlin Wall was built in 1961. Anyone caught trying to cross from the east to the west was killed.
  • Kurfurstendamm is a famous shopping avenue. The Hansa quarter was designed by architects in the 1950s.
  • Since reunification many spectacular new buildings have been built in Berlin, including the refurbished Reichstag designed by Norman Foster.