Fitness Facts

  • Fitness is about how much and what kind of physical activity you can do without getting tired or strained.
  • Fitness depends on your strength, flexibility (bendiness) and endurance (staying power).
  • One key to fitness is cardiovascular fitness — that is, how well your heart and lungs respond to the extra demands of exercise.
  • One measure of cardiovascular fitness is how quickly your pulse rate returns to normal after exercise — the fitter you are, the quicker it returns.
  • Another measure of cardiovascular fitness is how slowly your heart beats during exercise — the fitter you are, the slower it beats.
  • Being fit improves your physical performance.
  • Being fit can often protect against illness.
  • Being fit can slow down the effects of ageing.
  • Cardiovascular fitness reduces the chances of getting heart disease.
  • Fitness tests involve comparing such things as height, weight and body fat, and measuring blood pressure and pulse rate before and after exercise.