Cuts and abrasions to the skin are common. They will inevitably occur with children; it’s merely a matter of time. Any cut, abrasion, or gash in which the skin is broken and there is bleeding should be treated as an immediate first aid measure. Ideally cleanse the part under cool, running water from the tap.
Treatment for Cuts
Remove any obvious debris. A pair of splinter forceps will give a lot of assistance in removing dirt, gravel or splinters embedded in the injured part.
Then cover the injured part with a piece of gauze or clean cloth, and wrap firmly. If there is much bleeding, firm pressure will usually stop this fairly soon. Heavier bleeding may benefit from the application of a cotton wool pad, very firm bandaging with a crepe bandage, and firm manual pressure over this. Jagged, severe lacerations need medical attention promptly. It may need suturing (stitching), and if bleeding is severe and cannot be checked (unusual), then immediate care at a major hospital is vital.
Today tourniquets and pressure points are not used, for it is usually unnecessary and we have found it may cause more harm than good.
Any dirty wound needs a tetanus booster shot, especially if one has not been given for a few years. Also, in some cases the doctor might decide that antibiotics are advisable. Go along with medical advice, for it will be given in the best interest of the youthful patient. All doctors have a kindly attitude to children, and will invariably bend over backwards to give them the very best treatment possible.
These are treated in approximately the same way. Bruising means that a blow has caused blood vessels under the skin to break, and the dark blood has accumulated. With a sprain, it usually means that the fibers holding joints together have been overstretched or torn. These are quite common around the ankle (especially in the football season), but the wrist, knee, elbow or shoulder may be less commonly affected. Often alternate hot and cold packs (four minutes hot and one minute icy cold) for 15-20 minutes followed by firm bandaging with a crepe bandage is good treatment. Some prefer cold packs only. Rest the part for a couple of days if necessary.
Sometimes an X-ray may be needed to make certain a bone has not been broken, when treatment may be different. Your doctor will let you know if this is necessary.