Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743- 1794) was a brilliant French scientist who is regarded as the founder of modern chemistry.
He was elected to the French Royal Academy of Sciences at just 25 for an essay on street lighting. A year later, he worked on the first geological map of France.
Lavoisier earned his living for a long while as a ‘tax farmer,’ which meant he worked for a private company collecting taxes.
In 1771 he married 14-year old Marie Paulze, who later became his illustrator and collaborator in the laboratory.
Lavoisier was the first person to realize that air is essentially a mixture of two gases: oxygen and nitrogen.
Lavoisier discovered that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen.
Lavoisier showed that the popular phlogiston theory of burning was wrong and that burning involves oxygen instead. The frontiers of science
A Lavoisier showed that old theories about burning were wrong and that oxygen is essential in order for burning to take place.
Lavoisier gave the first working list of chemical elements in his famous book Elementary Treatise of Chemistry (1789), which was illustrated by his wife Marie.
From 1776 Lavoisier headed research at the Royal Arsenal in Paris, developing gunpowder manufacture.
Lavoisier ran schemes for public education, fair taxation, old-age insurance and other welfare schemes. But his good deeds did not save him. When Lavoisier had a wall built round Paris to reduce smuggling, revolutionary leader Marat accused him of imprisoning Paris’s air. His past as a tax farmer was remembered and Lavoisier was guillotined in 1794. Lavoisier had a wall built round Paris to reduce smuggling; revolutionary leader Marat accused him of imprisoning Paris’s air. His past as a tax farmer was remembered and Lavoisier was guillotined in 1794.