Lavoiseir Facts



  • Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743- 1794) was a brilliant French scientist who is regarded as the founder of modern chemistry.
  • He was elected to the French Royal Academy of Sciences at just 25 for an essay on street lighting. A year later, he worked on the first geological map of France.
  • Lavoisier earned his living for a long while as a ‘tax farmer,’ which meant he worked for a private company collecting taxes.
  • In 1771 he married 14-year old Marie Paulze, who later became his illustrator and collaborator in the laboratory.
  • Lavoisier was the first person to realize that air is essentially a mixture of two gases: oxygen and nitrogen.
  • Lavoisier discovered that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen.
  • Lavoisier showed that the popular phlogiston theory of burning was wrong and that burning involves oxygen instead. The frontiers of science
  • A Lavoisier showed that old theories about burning were wrong and that oxygen is essential in order for burning to take place.
  • Lavoisier gave the first working list of chemical elements in his famous book Elementary Treatise of Chemistry (1789), which was illustrated by his wife Marie.
  • From 1776 Lavoisier headed research at the Royal Arsenal in Paris, developing gunpowder manufacture.
  • Lavoisier ran schemes for public education, fair taxation, old-age insurance and other welfare schemes. But his good deeds did not save him. When Lavoisier had a wall built round Paris to reduce smuggling, revolutionary leader Marat accused him of imprisoning Paris’s air. His past as a tax farmer was remembered and Lavoisier was guillotined in 1794. Lavoisier had a wall built round Paris to reduce smuggling; revolutionary leader Marat accused him of imprisoning Paris’s air. His past as a tax farmer was remembered and Lavoisier was guillotined in 1794.