London Facts



  • London is the capital of the United Kingdom and its largest city by far, with a population of about 7.2 million.
  • People have settled here for thousands of years, but the city of London began with the Roman city of Londinium.
  • Throughout the 1800s London was the world’s biggest city, with a million people, and the hub of the world’s largest empire, the British Empire.
  • London is based on two ancient cities: the City of London, which developed from the Roman and Saxon towns, and Westminster, which developed around the palaces of English kings around 1000 years ago.
  • London has 500,000 factory workers, but most people work in services, such as publishing and other media. London is one of the world’s major finance centers.
  • Eight million tourists visit London each year.
  • London’s tallest building is 244 m Canary Wharf tower.
  • The London Eye is the biggest wheel in the world, giving people a bird’s eye view over London.
  • London’s Houses of Parliament and its tower with its bell Big Ben were built in 1858 after a fire destroyed an earlier building.
  • London’s oldest large buildings are the Tower of London and Westminster Abbey, both 1000 years old. The Tower of London was built for William the Conqueror.