Moscow Facts



  • St Petersburg was founded in 1703 by Tsar Peter the Great to be his capital instead of Moscow. In 1914 it was renamed Petrograd.
  • Leningrad was dubbed ‘Hero City’ for its desperate defense against the Nazis from 1941 to 1944.
  • Moscow is the largest city in the Russian Federation and capital of Russia.
  • Moscow is Russia’s main industrial centre, with huge textile and car-making plants, like the Likhachyov works.
  • Moscow’s biggest shop is Detsky Mir (Children’s World).
  • Moscow’s historic centre is Red Square and the Kremlin, the walled city-within-a-city.
  • In the past Moscow had wooden buildings and was often burnt down, most famously by Napoleon’s troops in 1812.
  • Moscow is snow-covered from November to April each year, but snow-ploughs keep all the main roads clear.
  • St Petersburg is Russia’s second largest city.
  • The Cathedral of St Basil is in Red Square and is made up of eight chapels, each one capped by a unique onion dome.
  • St Petersburg is an elegant city with many beautiful houses and palaces such as the famous Hermitage museum.
  • After the 1917 Russian Revolution, communists renamed the city Leningrad and made Moscow the capital. St Petersburg regained its name in 1991.