Eighty-two percent of the population of North America is descendants of immigrants from Europe.
Among the smaller groups 13 percent are black, 3 percent Asian and one percent are American Indians.
Hispanics are descended from a mix of white, black and American Indian people from Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America such as Mexico, Puerto Rico and Cuba. 12 percent of the US population is Hispanic.
92 percent of the population of the USA was born there. Many new immigrants are Hispanic.
The original peoples of North America were the American Indians who were living here for thousands of years before Europeans arrived.
The native people of America were called Indians by the explorer Christopher Columbus, but they have no collective name for themselves. Most American Indians prefer to be identified by tribe.
There are about 540 tribes in the USA. The largest are the Cherokee, Navajo, Chippewa, Sioux and Choctaw
Most black Americans are descendants of Africans brought here as slaves from 1600 to 1860.
Most European immigrants before 1820 were from Britain, so the main language is English.
Spanish is spoken by many Americans and French is spoken by 24 percent of Canadians.
A Sioux chief. Many Sioux Indians were killed by US cavalry in the massacre at Wounded Knee in 1890.