Pheasant Facts



  • A game bird is a bird that is hunted for sport.
  • Game birds spend most of the time strutting along the ground looking for seeds. They fly only in emergencies.
  • There are 250 species of game bird, including pheasants, grouse, partridges, quails, wild turkeys and peafowl.
  • Most of the 48 species of pheasant originated in China and central Asia.
  • The peacock (the male peafowl) of India and Sri Lanka is the most spectacular of all pheasants. When courting the drab peahen, the peacock throws up his tail feathers to create a gigantic turquoise fan.
  • The common partridge is familiar as a game bird on farm land in Europe and south-western Asia. Partridges eat seeds and young shoots which they find on the ground.
  • Many hen (female) game birds have dull brown plumage that provides good camouflage in their woodland and moorland homes.
  • Many cock (male) game birds have very colorful plumage to attract mates.
  • In the breeding season, cocks strut and puff up their plumage to attract a mate. They also draw attention to themselves by cackling, whistling and screaming.
  • Pheasant cocks often fight each other violently to win a particular mating area.
  • The jungle fowl of Southeast Asia is the wild ancestor of the domestic chicken.
  • Peacocks were carried as treasure from India through the ancient world.