Pine Tree Facts

  • Pine trees are evergreen conifers with long needle-like leaves. They grow mostly in sandy or rocky soils in cool places.
  • Pine trees belong to the largest family of conifers.
  • There 90-100 species of pine – most of them coming originally from northern Eurasia and North America.
  • Pines grow fast and straight, reaching their full height in less than 20 years – which is why they provide 75% of the world’s timber.
  • Some pines produce a liquid called resin which is used to make substances such as turpentine, paint and soap.
  • Soft or white pines, such as sugar pines and pirions, have soft wood. They grow needles in bundles of five and have little resin.
  • Like all conifers, Corsican pines produce cones. The cones look very different from flowers but serve the same purpose — making the seeds from which new trees grow. Trees * 0 0
  • Hard or yellow pines, such as Scots, Corsican and loblolly pines, have harder wood. They grow needles in bundles of two or three and make lots of resin.
  • Eurasian pines include the Scots pine, Corsican pine, black pine, pinaster and stone pine.
  • North American pines include the eastern white pine, sugar pine, stone pines, pirions, Ponderosa pine, and Monterey pine.
  • The sugar pine is the biggest of all pines, often growing to 70 m tall and 3.5 m thick. The eastern white pine has valuable fine white wood.