Rhino Facts



  • Rhinosaurus are big, tough-skinned animals of Africa and Asia. African black and white rhinos and the smaller Sumatran rhino have two horns in the middle of their heads: Indian lindiavan rhinos have just one.
  • Powdered rhino horn is believed by some to be a love potion, so thousands of rhinos have been slaughtered and most kinds are now an endangered.
  • Baluchitherium lived 20 million years ago and was a type of the rhino. At over 5 m tall, it was much bigger than any elephant.
  • Hippopotamuses are big, grey, pig-like creatures that live in Africa. They have the biggest mouth of any land animal.
  • When a hippo yawns, its mouth gapes wide enough to swallow a sheep whole, but it only eats grass.
  • Hippos spend their days wallowing in rivers and swamps, and only come out at night to feed.
  • A hippo’s eyes, ears and nose are all on the top of its head, and so remain above the water when the rest of its body is completely submerged.
  • The word hippopotamus comes from the Ancient Greek words for horse (hippo) and river (potamos).
  • The African white rhinoceros’s horn can grow to over 1.5 m long.
  • The pygmy hippo is only about 90 cm tall but it is just as tubby as its big cousin and weighs up to 250 kg.