The rose is one of the most popular of all garden flowers because of its lovely perfume and beautiful blooms.
Wild roses usually have small flowers and a single layer of five petals. Garden roses usually have big flowers with multiple sets of five petals in two or more layers.
There are 100 species of wild rose, but all today’s garden roses were created by crossing 10 Asian species.
There are now over 13,000 official varieties of garden rose altogether.
Some experts divide garden roses into groups by when they bloom: old roses bloom once a year in early summer; perpetual roses bloom in early summer, then again in autumn; and ever blooming hybrids bloom all summer.
Old roses include yellow briers, damask roses and many climbing roses.
Perpetuals include a group of roses called hybrid perpetuals.
Roses often look their best just after they begin to open, when the petals are still in a tight, velvety cluster.
The delicately scented dog-rose is one of the most familiar of all wildflowers.
Ever blooming hybrids include floribundas, hybrid teas, gloribundas and polyanthas.
Hybrid teas such as the Peace are the most popular of all roses. They were created by crossing ever blooming but fragile tea roses with vigorous hybrid perpetuals.
Attar of roses is a perfume made from roses, especially damask roses.