Skin Tumor

What is Skin Tumour?

Tumors of the Skin A “tumor” simply means a swelling. Although some may be cancerous, many are not, and the term does not imply cancer when spoken about by doctors. There are many causes of tumours on the skin. Some of the more common ones will he discussed here. Some are extremely important, and if left untreated, may develop into serious diseases, including cancer.

Any lump on the skin requires prompt attention from the doctor. As the cause is often in doubt, lay diagnosis by amateurs is a dangerous thing. It is wise to seek early professional advice, for early diagnosis can be lifesaving.

This is particularly the case with the unassuming pigmented moles that can develop into malignant melanomas. These are among the most serious and lethal forms of cancer known. Here is a list of the common causes of tumors in the skin.

(a) Seborrhoeic keratoses.

(h) Hyperkeratoses (or senile or actinic keratoses).

(c) Skin cancers: basal cell carcinoma; squamous cell carcinoma.

(d) Moles: benign (non-cancerous) moles; deeply pigmented (cancerous) moles (malignant melanomas).

(e) Birthmarks.

(I) Sebaceous cysts.

(g) Mucous cysts.

Seborrhoeic Keratoses This common skin tumor has the appearance and consistency of “a blob candle grease on the skin.” Within months or years, the lesion gradually increases in size, and become raised from its surroundings. It has a greasy appearance and consistency. It first yellowish, but later may become brown and darker.

It generally occurs in older person s usually those in the over 40 age range. The head, neck and trunk are the most commonly affected. Adjoining, lesions often coalesce to assume great sizes, sometimes of 1 cm or more. These lesions are always completely benign ( non-cancerous), and never develop into cancers. Diagnosis by a doctor is advisable, however.

Skin Tumour Treatment

No active treatment is necessary as fa: as the lesion is concerned. Some prefer their removal for the sake of appearanc or for “cosmetic reasons” as the doctor say.

This is quite straightforward. The keratosis is removed, sometimes under local anesthetic in the doctor’s surgery. It is “curetted” away, and the base examined to check any bleeding points. Liquid nitrogen spray is sometimes used.

Healing is complete after a few days, when the dressings can be removed. These tumors are painless, an usually cause no trouble apart from the:- appearance.