New York’s Statue of Liberty stands on Liberty Island off the tip of Manhattan.
The statue was dedicated on 28 Oct 1886 by President Cleveland.
It was paid for by the French people to celebrate their friendship with the USA.
Sculptor Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi began work on the statue in Paris in 1875.
It was built from 452 copper sheets hammered into shape by hand and mounted on four huge steel supports designed by Eiffel and Viollet-le-Duc.
The 225 ton statue was shipped to New York in 1885.
A pedestal designed by Richard Hunt and paid for by 121,000 Americans brought it to a total height of 93 m.
The statue’s full name is Liberty Enlightening the World. The seven spikes in the crown stand for Liberty’s light shining on the world’s seven seas and continents. The tablet in her left hand is America’s Declaration of Independence.
Emma Lazarus’s sonnet The New Colossus on the pedestal ends: “Give me your tired poor, your huddled masses of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me. I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”
New York’s famous statue of Liberty in 1986 before it was restored and the flame covered in gold leaf.