Stonehenge Facts



  • Stonehenge is an ancient stone monument in southern England made from circles of huge rough-cut stones.
  • The main circle of stones or ‘sarsens’ is a ring of 30 huge upright stones, joined at the top by 30 lintels. Many of these sarsens have now fallen or been looted and used to make bridges and dams.
  • Inside the sarsen ring are five ‘doorways’ called trilithons, each made with three gigantic stones, weighing up to 40 tons each.
  • In between are rings of smaller bluestones.
  • The bluestones come from the Preseli Hills in Wales, 240 km away. Archeologists puzzle over how they were carried here.
  • At the center is a single tall stone, called the Heel Stone.
  • Stonehenge was built in three phases between 2950 BC and 1600 BC, starting with just a huge earth ring.
  • Archaeologists believe it was a gathering place and a site for religious ceremonies for Bronze Age people.
  • Newman, Thom and Hawkins have shown the layout of the stones ties in with astronomical events.
  • At sunrise on midsummer’s day (the solstice), the sun shines directly along the avenue to the Heel Stone.