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Bible Study Deuteronomy

Author: Moses Date: c. 1400 B.C. or c. 1200 B.C. Deuteronomy is the fifth book of the Pentateuch. It is something of a bridge between the earlier events of Israel’s (and the whole world’s) existence, and what follows after Israel’s entrance into the promised land of Canaan. As such, it looks in two directions. It…
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Bible Study Colossians

Author: Paul Date: c. A.D. 60 or 61 Paul wrote this letter while he was in prison in Rome.It is part of a group of letters called “the prison letter” (Philippians, Ephesians, and Philemon). There is no evidence that Paul had ever been to Colosse, but he obviously knew people there. Probably they were converted…
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Bible Study Chronicles

Author: unknown Date: Fifth Century B.C. The books of Chronicles seem boring to some people because of all the genealogies and because they cover the same material as Kings. Isn’t that unnecessary? When properly understood, however, these Chronicles are important books. The key to understanding them is to remember that the Bible was written with…
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Bible Study Joshua

Author: probably Joshua Date: c. 1350 B.C. or c. 1150 B.C. The Book of Joshua picks up where Deuteronomy leaves off. Moses is gone, and the role of leadership is Joshua’s. Joshua had been one of the two spies (Caleb was the other) who had brought back a favorable report and urged the Israelites to…
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Bible Study Micah

Author: Micah Date: Eighth Century B.C. Micah was born about 25 miles southwest of Jerusalem in Judah. His ministry saw the arrival of the Assyrian army, the fall of Damascus in Syria, the war between Israel and Judah, the conquering of Galilee, the destruction of Samaria and the northern kingdom of Israel, and Sargon’s defeat…
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Bible Study Malachi

Author: Malachi Date: Between 450 B.C. and 425 B.C. This book, like the prophecies of Haggai and Zechariah, was addressed to the restored community of Israel, but came considerably later. Another wave of refugees had come, and Ezra and Nehemiah were also on the scene. All was not well in the nation of Israel. Pagan…
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Bible Study Obadiah

Author:  Obadiah Date:  Sixth Century B.C. The shortest book in the Old Testament, Obadiah deals with the relationship between Judah and its southern neighbor, Edom. Obadiah is prophesying the fall of Edom because of its inhumane treatment of Judah. The fact that the two peoples were distantly related is important in understanding the book. Esau,…
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Bible Study Hosea

Author: Hosea Date: Eighth Century B.C. Hosea was a prophet to the northern kingdom of Israel for about 50 years. His ministry began during the reign of Jeroboam II, making him a contemporary of Amos, who also preached to the North, and of Isaiah and Micah, who preached to the southern kingdom of Judah. Hosea…
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Bible Study Jude

Author: Jude Date: c. A.D. 64-70 Jude, one of Jesus’ half-brothers (Matthew. 13:55), was considered the writer of this letter throughout most of the history of the church. Recently, doubts have been cast upon this, but there is no compelling reason to doubt his authorship. Theological Themes in the Epistle of Jude Three basic themes…
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Bible Study Job

Author: unknown Date: Perhaps as early as Tenth Century B.C. Job, one of the most complex and interesting books in the Old Testament, deals with a profound human theme. Why do people suffer, if God is in control? That problem has exercised the best minds of virtually every society from the beginnings of civilization until…
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Bible Study First King

Author: unknown Date:  Sixth Century B.C. After the death of David, his son Solomon ruled the still-united kingdom. His was a marvelous reign, and the nation prospered as never before or since. He built a magnificent temple for worshipping God, established a sound economy, expanded foreign trade, modernized the army, and built a series of…
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Bible Study Esther

Author: unknown Date: Fifth century B.C. The Book of Esther tells a straightforward story. It takes place in Persia, where Jews were to be found after the return to Palestine had taken place. Not everyone went home. For over a thousand years the largest concentration of Jews outside Palestine was to be found in the…
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Bible Culture

The word culture refers to the ideas, customs, skills, arts, etc., of a particular group of people at a particular time. We begin having our society’s culture instilled in us from infancy onward, first of all, by the family into which we are born or adopted. This process of acculturation continues as we are exposed…
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Bible Criteria

“Holy Scriptures” means “writings that have been set apart.” The synagogue and the church considered them different from secular literature because they believed them to have been inspired by God. “Sacred canon” represents a further stage at which a list of such holy writings were drawn up as a closed collection, not to be added…
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