Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA)



Transient Ischemic Attacks is a disorder related to reduced blood going to the brain is called TIA, short for transient ischaemic attack. It means there is a temporary impairment of oxygen in the cerebral cells, causing momentary symptoms.
These may commonly occur on the face, such as a twitching of the lip or cheek muscle fibres, or temporary loss of sensation in some area. It may occur in any other part of the body depending on the area of the brain suffering from the momentary oxygen deprivation. TIA is probably caused by a temporary and rapid spasm of a small vessel supplying a group of brain cells. The significance lies in the fact that it may be the forerunner of a stroke, so medical attention and treatment are recommended.

Transient Ischemic Attacks Treatment

A careful medical appraisal is necessary, and attention is given to blood pressure, the heart, blood vessels, nutrition, sleep, smoking and alcoholic habits. If no other major problem can be found, then simple aspirin 1 x 300 mg tablet a day is the current treatment of choice.
This may be taken after the evening meal, probably a soluble tablet being dissolved in water. Taken on an empty stomach it may cause nausea. Aspirin helps reduce the way in which the blood platelets clump together, and minimises the risk of a clot forming. Reduced or preferably cessation of smoking, reduction of alcoholic intake, more exercise and plenty of deep breathing probably play a significant part also. Patients should keep in touch with the doctor, essential to prevent recurrences. The outlook can be dramatically improved.