Tree Facts



  • Banyan trees grow trunk-like roots from their branches.
  • A European chestnut known as the Tree of the Hundred Horses on Mt Etna in Sicily had a girth (the distance round the trunk) of 57.9 m during the 1790s.
  • General Sherman in California is the biggest living tree. It is a giant sequoia over 83 m tall and has a trunk measuring over 12 m in diameter.
  • The world’s oldest plant is the King’s Holly in southwestern Tasmania, thought to be 43,000 years old.
  • The ombu tree of Argentina is the world’s toughest tree, able to survive axes, fire, storms and insect attacks.
  • The biggest tree ever known was the Lindsey Creek Tree, a massive redwood which blew over in 1905. It weighed over 3300 tons.
  • The tallest living tree is the 112-m high Mendocino redwood tree, which is growing in the Montgomery State Reserve, California, United States.
  • The tallest tree ever known was a Eucalyptus on Watts River, Victoria, Australia, which was measured at over 150 m in 1872.
  • The great banyan tree in the Indian Botanical Garden, Calcutta, has a canopy that covers 1.2 hectares. The banyan tree or Indian fig tree has wide-spreading branches that send down hundreds of hanging roots. These take hold of the soil and act as supports for the branches.
  • A Moctezuma bald cypress is near Oaxaca in Mexico.