This is a genetic abnormality in which the girl lacks a sex chromosome. It is a rare condition, and amenorrhoea and lack of normal development of the secondary sex characteristics are the typical features. Examination of the pelvis by Iaparoscopy may show the ovaries to be represented by white fibrous streaks. The organs are virtually missing. There may be evidence of other genetic and congenital abnormalities.
Turner’s Syndrome Symptoms
Often the patient’s condition is not recognised until the age of puberty, when she fails to mature sexually. Sometimes there is webbing of the neck, and dwarfism may be in evidence. After the age when sexual maturity would have been expected, the patient is seen as a short person, seldom growing to more than 150 cm, but often less. The breasts are totally undeveloped. The genitals show poor development; pubic and underarm hair is sparse. Webbing of the neck is usually marked. Mental capacity may be poor.
Turner’s Syndrome Treatment
Any developmental abnormality that can be corrected should be attended to. The neck webbing may be corrected by reconstructive surgery in some. Adequate secondary sexual characteristics may be encouraged by the use of female hormones. Unfortunately, quite a few develop facial hairs in time. Lack of height is a major embarrassment to these girls, for they seldom reach a height of more than 140-145 cm.
With modern technology, growth hormone produced artificially by recombinant DNA technology, and injected regularly, may produce dramatic improvements in height. Some girls with this syndrome have recorded growth rates of between three and seven centimetres a year. This is given to undersized girls when the so-called “growth spurt” would be expected, usually before the age of 16 years.