What is Varicose Veins?
These are unsightly, engorged and knotted veins quite close to the surface of the skin, usually in the lower limbs. They are more common in women than in men. Older people who are overweight frequently suffer from this complaint.Varicose veins in the rectum are known as haemorrhoids or piles, and in the scrotum the veins can cause varicocele.
The blood in the legs must travel upwards in order to reach the heart. Valves in the veins that prevent blood from flowing backwards become weakened and unable to function properly, sometimes due to heredita ry factors
Varicose Veins Symptoms
Cramp, itching and a feeling of heaviness in the legs are the usual symptoms, aside from the obvious discolouration and prominence of the veins. This can lead to pain, inflammation, ulcers, phlebitis and other complications.
Varicose Veins Treatment
Severe cases are treated by surgery. The process is known as stripping, and involves cutting and tying and removing the varicose veins. Veins leading into the affected vein are tied off and the blood finds its way to the heart via other veins.
Mild cases can he helped by avoiding prolonged standing on hard surfaces wherever possible, and by wearing elasticised stockings. Walking is an excellent means of stimulating the circulation in the legs. Sometimes in less severe cases a chemical solution is injected into the veins, causing them to close and have their role taken over by other veins.