Woodland Facts



  • Woodlands in temperate zones between the tropics and the poles are home to many creatures.
  • Deciduous trees lose their leaves in autumn. Evergreens keep theirs through cold winters.
  • In the leaf litter under the trees live tiny creatures such as worms, millipedes, and ants and other insects.
  • Spiders, shrews, salamanders and mice feed on the small creatures living in the leaf litter.
  • Some birds, such as woodcocks, nest on the woodland floor and have mottled plumage to hide themselves.
  • Birds such as owls, nuthatches, treecreepers, tits, woodpeckers and warblers live on and in trees, as well as insects such as beetles, moths and butterflies, and small mammals such as squirrels and raccoons.
  • Other woodland mammals include badgers, chipmunks, opossums, stoats, weasels, polecats, pine martens and foxes.
  • Beavers, frogs, muskrats and otters live near woodland streams.
  • The few large woodland mammals include bears, deer, wolves and wild boar. Many of these have become rare because woods have been cleared away.
  • In winter, many birds of deciduous woods migrate south, while small mammals like dormice hibernate.
  • The long flight feathers of an owl’s wings are tipped down which muffles the noise of the wing beats. Silent flying allows the owl a much better chance of catching prey.