Cushion Materials

As well as the fabric for your cushion, you will need to choose threads, a type of fastening and trimmings or other decorations. Experiment with dressing up cushion covers with the many fastenings, threads and trimmings available to ensure that the result is unique to you and your home.

Bias Binding

A bias binding can be purchased ready-made, or you can make your own. Cut on the bias (or cross) to give stretch, these narrow strips may be used to make piping and rouleau loops.


A braid is a woven ribbon used for trimming and is available in many colours, weights and widths.


Available in many colours and weights, buttons can be used both decoratively or as a functional part of the design.

Cotton Balls

Available from specialist craft shops, cotton balls may be used to shape fabric tassels.

Embroidery Thread

Available as perle, soft-cotton and stranded, use this for embroidery and for making tassels.


Purchased in kit form along with a special fixing tool, eyelets can be used on their own or threaded with cord, ribbon or rope.


An edging made from cut threads, fringing is an effective and easy way to trim cushions.

Fusible Bonding Web

This is used to bond applique motifs to fabric prior to stitching; or to bond woven ribbons to a hacking fabric.

Machine-Embroidery Thread

This thread is more lustrous than regular sewing thread. It is also available in metallic shades.

Piping Cord

This plain cotton cord can be covered with bias binding and inserted in seams. Ready-made piping is available, though only in a limited range of colours.

Press-and-Close Fastening

An easy-to-use fastener that simply presses together and is a good alternative to zips (zippers). It can be bought in strips or as small pads.

Press Fasteners

These metallic fasteners are used for closing light-weight fabric cushions. Press-fastener tape is also available, and has the advantage of being quicker to apply than individual fasteners.


Ribbon is available in a vast range of colors, widths and textures. Build up a collection of small pieces and leftovers of ribbon handy for trimming cushions.

Self-Cover Buttons

Available in kit form and in a range of sizes, these maybe used as decorative features – such as flower centers, or as closures.

Tapestry Wools

Hand sew wool to the edges of cushions to add definition.


This synthetic padding can be used for filling piping or for making cushion pads.

Zip (Zipper) Fasteners

available in many weights, lengths and colors, zip fasteners come with either plastic or metal teeth.