Dicot Facts

  • Dicotyledons are one of two basic classes of flowering plant. The other class is monocotyledons.
  • Dicotyledons are also known as dicots or Magnoliopsida.
  • Dicots are plants that sprout two leaves from their seeds.
  • There are about 175,000 dicots – over three-quarters of all flowering plants.
  • Dicots include most garden plants, shrubs and trees as well as flowers such as magnolias, roses, geraniums and hollyhocks.
  • Dicots grow slowly and at least 50% have woody stems.
  • The flowers of dicots have sets of four or five petals.
  • Most dicots have branching stems and a single main root called a taproot.
  • The leaves of dicots usually have a network of veins rather than parallel veins.
  • Dicots usually have a layer of ever-growing cells near the outside of the stem called the cambium.
  • A dicot begins its life as a pair of leaves growing.