Diet Facts



  • Your diet is what you eat. A good diet includes the correct amount of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water.
  • Most of the food that you eat is fuel for the body, provided mostly by carbohydrates and fats.
  • Carbohydrates are foods made from kinds of sugar, such as glucose and starch. They are found in foods such as bread, rice, potatoes and sweet things.
  • Fats are greasy foods that will not dissolve in water. Some, such as the fats in meat and cheese, are solid. Some, such as cooking oil, are liquid.
  • Fats are not usually burned up straight away, but are stored around your body until they are needed.
  • Proteins are needed to build and repair cells. They are made from special chemicals called amino acids.
  • There are 20 different amino acids. Your body can make 11 of them. The other nine are called essential acids and they come from food.
  • Meat and fish are very high in protein.
  • A correctly balanced vegetarian diet of eggs, milk and cheese can provide all the essential amino acids.
  • Fiber or roughage is supplied by cellulose from plant cell walls. Your body cannot digest fiber, but needs it to keep the bowel muscles exercised.