Dog Potty Training

Feeding stimulates the intestinal tract, and it is usual for a puppy to want to defecate soon after a meal. Toilet training is one of the very earliest lessons which needs to be taught. Puppies are naturally clean by nature, so this should not prove a particularly difficult task. The basics are usually mastered within two weeks in most cases.

Young puppies do not always have full control of their sphincter muscles and so at first are not able to control the passing of urine and feeces. In any event, it is wise to place a suitable receptacle within easy reach throughout the day, and after a meal the puppy should be taken into the garden and encouraged to use an area here. Bear in mind, however, that bitch’s urine in particular is quite acidic, and is likely to damage the grass of a lawn, resulting in unsightly yellow patches. Mining your puppy to use a specific area of soil is therefore to be recommended from the start. Once the routine is established the dog is unlikely to vary its habits significantly as it will be attracted back to the scent.

Most owners tend to feed their puppies on the kitchen floor, placing a dirt-box nearby for use at night, or during the day in an emergency You should encourage the puppy to go outside to relieve itself, however, whenever you are present, rather than using the dirt-box. You will need to be observant, therefore, noting when the puppy wants to relieve itself.
You can use a large plastic cat litter tray as a dirt-box. Fill this with a small amount of cat litter, having lined it first with newspaper. This will make it easier to clean once it is soiled. You will need to remove and discard the detachable lid, which is a feature of many cat litter trays, since this will just get in the way, and means that accidents are more likely to happen. As an additional precaution, you should stand the tray on newspaper.
Several manufacturers now market products which are claimed to attract dogs for toilet purposes. You can add one of these to the litter in the first instance, as it may encourage your puppy to relieve itself here.
Although it may not appear especially hygienic to keep the litter tray in the kitchen, this is probably the best place because the floor surface here tends to be impermeable. If a disaster occurs it will be easy to disinfect the area thoroughly. This is especially important in a home with young children.
Many puppies are infected at birth with the roundworm Toxocara Canis, and so must be wormed frequently on a vet’s advice for the first six months of life, and regularly thereafter. The eggs of these parasites are voided in the feces, and the resulting larvae do represent a slight risk to human health, because they may cause the disease known as toxocariasis. The eggs can be swallowed by children who are apt to put dirty fingers into their mouths; the larvae may then migrate from the gut around the body. If they form a cyst in the eye, blindness is likely to result.
By thoroughly cleaning the soiled area you will prevent human infection, simply because the eggs are not immediately infective when they are passed from the dog’s body in its feces. They will take approximately a week to reach this stage, so that while any traces remaining in a carpet could give rise to problems, a solid floor can be easily disinfected to kill them before this stage is reached. The eggs can remain viable for a considerable period of time, however, and so you should dispose of faecal matter carefully to prevent any risk of infection in the garden if you have a young family.
The threat posed by toxocariasis, or visceral larval migrans, as it is also known, is relatively slight with about 10 cases a year being recorded in England and Wales, as an example. Nevertheless, it is a serious condition if the eye is affected, and sensible precautionary measures should be taken. Children must be supervised at all times when in contact with puppies, and then taught to wash their hands afterwards as a matter of course.
When you first introduce the litter tray, place the puppy here if you suspect that it is likely to use it. If you have a conservatory area behind your kitchen, this may be an even better location for the tray, since here it will be close to an outer door. The aim is, of course, to persuade the puppy to ask to go outside into the garden when it wants to urinate or defecate.

After a meal, when you take the puppy outside, try the scenting preparation again, although its possible effects are likely to be diluted by rain. Point to the spot, and this should serve to encourage the puppy to sniff in this region. Although at first it may prove excitable and run off around the garden, the puppy should soon return to you. Such excitement alone may cause it to urinate here.
You can offer encouragement, using a phrase which the young dog will come to identify with in time, such as ‘clean dog’. Give plenty of praise and encouragement once it has performed as you want before calling the youngster by its name to follow you back indoors. This is useful practice to prepare for the time when you allow the dog off the leash for the first time, and call it back to you.
If the puppy has done nothing after five or 10 minutes, follow the same routine, but once you are inside remain more watchful. A number of factors, such as noise, rain and even washing flapping on a clothes-line, may disturb a young puppy in such surroundings. Once it is back
within the confines of home, however, it may immediately decide to go to the toilet. There is really little point in scolding the puppy at this stage, especially if it has not been used to the big outdoors before.
Once your dog has relieved itself, clean up the area thoroughly using a dog scoop. Several disposable types are available from pet shops, and are essential for dog owners where it is compulsory to clean up after their pets if they are walking in a public area. Although the area :an then be cleaned, the puppy is likely to be attracted back to the site again unless you can remove the underlying odor. Dogs have very sensitive noses, and they rely heavily on scent markings in their lives.
While disinfecting the soiled area is obviously to be recommended, you need to be careful in your choice of disinfectant. This is because some disinfectants serve to reinforce rather than overcome such scents which are not discernible by our noses. Pine-scented products may do this and so are best avoided for this reason. Vinegar can be used to remove the scent, and again, products are available from pet shops which fulfill a similar function, in contrast to those which attract the dog.
After relieving itself, a puppy way start scratching and digging the ground, This behavior should not be encouraged, because it can cause damage to the lawn or plants. You will also need to wipe your pets feet with a towel to remove mud before you allow it back in the home,

On average, young puppies may relieve themselves about six times a day. Under no circumstances, however, particularly when you are feeding a dried diet, should you withhold water for any period of time in order to reduce urinary output. This can have devastating consequences, and may cause long-term damage to the urinary tract. Urine production naturally declines while the puppy is asleep, so that once it has been put outside at night, then the young dog should be able to last quite comfortably through to the morning. Take it out into the garden again then, without delay.
Puppies are unable to relate to an event which occurred in the past, so if you find that a place has been soiled overnight there is little point in scolding the puppy accordingly. Nor should you rub the dog’s nose in it. This is merely unpleasant, and serves no useful purpose. After all, dogs actually sniff regularly where others have soiled, around lamp posts for example, so this is certainly no deterrent.
Although the basics of toilet training can be mastered rapidly, it will take two or three months before a puppy is regularly asking to go outside of its own accord. Supervision of puppies is important, because digestive disturbances such as diarrhea are potentially more serious in younger dogs. Never ignore a young dog’s request to go out into the back yard, because this can cause it to soil around the home, and inhibits the toilet-training process. Cleaning up after your puppy is Important, whether In the garden or a park. Devices like tilts poop scoop are better suited for domestic use. Smaller more discreet means of cleaning up are preferable when you are out for a walk.