International organizations are of three main types: those set up by governments, like the UN; multinationals; and human rights and welfare organizations like the Red Cross and Amnesty International.
The United Nations or UN was formed after World War II to maintain world peace and security. It now has over 190 member nations.
UN headquarters are in New York City. The name was coined by US President. The Red Cross flag was a tribute to Roosevelt in 1941. Switzerland, home of the organizations
All UN members meet in the General founder. Assembly has five permanent members (Russia, USA, China, France and UK) and ten chosen every two years.
The UN has agencies responsible for certain areas such as children (UNICEF), food and farming (FAO), health (WHO), science (UNESCO) and nuclear energy (IAEA).
Multinationals or TNCs (transnational corporations) are huge companies that work in many countries.
TNCs like Coca-Cola and Kodak are well known; others like cigarette-makers Philip Morris are less known.
Some TNCs take in more money than most countries. Just 500 TNCs control 70 percent of all the world’s trade. World geography
The Red Cross was set up by Swiss Jean Dunant in the 1800s after he witnessed the bloody slaughter at the battle of Solferino in Italy. It now plays a vital role in helping suffering people everywhere.
Ninety percent of world grain is handled by six big US TNCs; Cargill and Continental alone control half the world’s grain.
Amnesty International was founded in 1961 to campaign for those imprisoned for religious and political beliefs.