International Organization Facts



  • International organizations are of three main types: those set up by governments, like the UN; multinationals; and human rights and welfare organizations like the Red Cross and Amnesty International.
  • The United Nations or UN was formed after World War II to maintain world peace and security. It now has over 190 member nations.
  • UN headquarters are in New York City. The name was coined by US President. The Red Cross flag was a tribute to Roosevelt in 1941. Switzerland, home of the organizations
  • All UN members meet in the General founder. Assembly has five permanent members (Russia, USA, China, France and UK) and ten chosen every two years.
  • The UN has agencies responsible for certain areas such as children (UNICEF), food and farming (FAO), health (WHO), science (UNESCO) and nuclear energy (IAEA).
  • Multinationals or TNCs (transnational corporations) are huge companies that work in many countries.
  • TNCs like Coca-Cola and Kodak are well known; others like cigarette-makers Philip Morris are less known.
  • Some TNCs take in more money than most countries. Just 500 TNCs control 70 percent of all the world’s trade. World geography
  • The Red Cross was set up by Swiss Jean Dunant in the 1800s after he witnessed the bloody slaughter at the battle of Solferino in Italy. It now plays a vital role in helping suffering people everywhere.
  • Ninety percent of world grain is handled by six big US TNCs; Cargill and Continental alone control half the world’s grain.
  • Amnesty International was founded in 1961 to campaign for those imprisoned for religious and political beliefs.