Scorpions inject venom through a single stinger in the tail. They rarely inject enough venom to be e lethal, although small children and the elderly are at risk for severe reactions.
Scorpion Sting Symptoms
Immediate pain with minimal redness and swelling but increased sensitivity to touch at the injured area. In severe cases, muscular paralysis and respiratory failure can occur. Symptoms last for about four hours in most healthy individuals.
Scorpion Sting Treatment
First aid includes the application of ice to the injured area. Most patients with symptoms should see a doctor and will probably be observed for several hours. Oral pain medication is usually effective, but occasionally stronger pain-relief measures are necessary.
Scorpion Sting Prevention
Scorpions are found almost exclusively in the south western states and hibernate from about October through April. They feed at night, hiding during the day – often in sleeping bags. Stings can be prevented by shaking out sleeping bags or boots prior to using them.
Scorpions also hide under rocks and on ledges, so caution is advisable when hiking or rock climbing.