Seal Facts

  • Seals, sea lions and walruses are sea mammals that mainly live in water and are agile swimmers, but which waddle awkwardly when they come on land.
  • Most seals eat fish, squid and shellfish. Crab eater seals eat mainly shrimps, not crabs.
  • Seals and sea lions have ears, but only sea lions (and fur seals) have ear flaps.
  • Only sea lions can move their back flippers under their body when traveling about on land.
  • When seals come ashore to breed, they live for weeks in vast colonies called rookeries.
  • Walruses are bigger and bulkier than seals, and they have massive tusks and face whiskers.
  • When hunters kill seal pups for their fur, or to keep numbers down, it is called culling.
  • Elephant seals spend up to 8 months far out in the ocean continuously diving, with each dive lasting 20 minutes or so.
  • There are freshwater seals in Lake Baikal in Russia.