Sugar Facts

  • Sugars are sweet-tasting natural substances made by plants and animals. All green plants make sugar. Fruit and honey contain a sugar called fructose. Milk contains the sugar flamed lactose. The most common sugar is called sucrose or just sugar — like the sugar you sprinkle on cereal. Sugar cane was first grown by South Pacific islanders more than 8000 years ago.
  • Sugar is made from sugar cane and sugar beet.
  • Sugar cane is a tropical grass with woody stems 2-5 m tall. It grows in places like India and Brazil.
  • Sugar juice is made from cane by shredding and crushing the stems and soaking them in hot water to dissolve the sugar.
  • Sugar beet is a turnip-like plant that grows in temperate countries.
  • Sugar juice is made from beet by soaking thin slices of the root in hot water to dissolve the sugar.
  • Sugar juice is warmed to evaporate water so crystals form.
  • White sugar is sugar made from sugar beet, or by refining (purifying) cane-sugar. Brown sugars such as muscovado and demerara are unrefined cane sugar. Molasses and black treacle are by-products of cane-sugar refining.